Neotropical Birds
Version  1.0
This is a historic version of this account.   Current version

Bay Antpitta Grallaria capitalis

Thomas S. Schulenberg and Guy M. Kirwan
Version: 1.0 — Published March 16, 2012


Distribution in the Americas

Distribution of the Bay Antpitta (Grallaria capitalis). Solid circles: specimen records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006) Bay Antpitta is resident in a small region along the east slope of the Andes of central Peru. The northernmost known localities are in the Cordillera Carpish, Huánuco (Parker and O'Neill 1976, Valqui 2004), and the southernmost known locality is Rumicruz, Pasco (the type locality; Chapman 1926). The species occurs on both sides, then, of the semiarid upper Río Huallaga. To the north, Bay Antpitta is replaced by the Rusty-tinged Antpitta (Grallaria przewalskii). There is a gap, however, of ca 200 km between the southernmost known locality for Rusty-tinged Antpitta (Cumpang, La Libertad), and the Cordillera Carpish; there is nothing known about where, or if, Bay and Rusty-tinged antpittas might meet. There also is no obvious distributional barrier at Rumicruz, and so the southern distributional limit of Bay Antpitta is not known with certainty.

The Bay Antpitta primarily occurs from 1800-3000 m, although it occurs as low as 1500 m at Abra Divisoria, on the Huánuco/Ucayali boundary (Parker and O'Neill 1981).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas (and endemic to Peru).


Bay Antpitta inhabits the understory of humid montane forest (Parker et al. 1996, Schulenberg et al. 2007), including disturbed sites such as landslides regenerating with bamboo, and second growth at forest edge and in regenerating slash-and-burn plots (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Distribution of the Bay Antpitta - Range Map
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Bay Antpitta

Recommended Citation

Schulenberg, T. S. and G. M. Kirwan (2012). Bay Antpitta (Grallaria capitalis), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.bayant1.01
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