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Blue Mockingbird Melanotis caerulescens

Haley Vaseghi, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, and Marîa del Coro Arizmendi
Version: 1.0 — Published December 24, 2014


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Distribution in the Americas

Blue Mockingbird is endemic to Mexico north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. It occurs on the Pacific slope north to southern Sonora, and in eastern Mexico north to southern Nuevo León and Tamaulipas (Miller et al. 1957, Binford 1989, Howell and Webb 1995). Blue Mockingbird also occurs on the Tres Marías Islands, off the coast of Nayarit.

Blue Mockingbird usually is considered to be resident (e.g. Miller et al. 1957, Howell and Webb 1995), although Russell and Monson (1998) suggest that it may be an elevational migrant in Sonora, descending to lower elevations during winter. There also are records of Blue Mockingbird from the southwestern United States. Records from Arizona and Texas have been accepted as vagrants, although in individual in southern California was suspected to have been an escapee from captivity (see McKee and Erickson 2002).

The elevational range of Blue Mockingbird is from sea level up to 3000-3200 m (Howell and Webb 1995, Parker et al. 1996), although on the Pacific slope of Mexico it is restricted to lower elevations (Howell and Webb 1995). Locally occurs up to 3700 m (Hunn et al. 2001).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Blue Mockingbird occupies forest understory, and occurs in a wide range of forest types, from the edge of humid montane forest to pine and pine-oak forests, arid oak scrub, thorn forest, and secondary forest (Binford 1989, Howell and Webb 1995, Parker et al. 1996).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Distribution of the Blue Mockingbird
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Blue Mockingbird

Recommended Citation

Vaseghi, H., C. A. Soberanes-González, C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, and M. d. C. Arizmendi (2014). Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.blumoc.01