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Version 1.0

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Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys

Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, and Thomas S. Schulenberg
Version: 1.0 — Published March 22, 2013


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Distribution in the Americas

Brown-capped Vireo occurs in montane areas from northeastern Mexico south to northern Bolivia. The distribution is fairly continuous from eastern Mexico to Honduras, but it does not occur in Nicaragua, nor in most of Panama. In South America, the distribution again is more continuous, from the coastal mountains and Andes of Venezuela south to northwestern Peru, on the Pacific slope, and south to central Bolivia along the east slope of the Andes. Distribution in Peru of Brown-capped Vireo. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles; sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

Brown-capped Vireo is resident throughout its range, although Phillips 1991 detected evidence that the northernmost populations of Mexico were partially migratory, and Stiles and Skutch (1989) report that locally, in Costa Rica, some vireos disperse downslope during the nonbreeding season.

The elevational range of Brown-capped Vireo in Mexico is 1200-2000 m (Howell and Webb 1995); in Costa Rica, mainly 1500-2450 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989); from 1400-2800 m in Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986); from 700-2500 m in Venezuela (Hilty 2003); from 1300-2600 m in eastern Ecuador, with a record up to 3150 m, but down to 600 m in western Ecuador (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a); from 1100-2600 m in Peru (Schulenberg et al. 2010); and from 600-2500 m in Bolivia (Hennessey et al. 2004).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Brown-capped Vireo occurs in humid montane forest, forest edge, coffee plantations, and tall second growth (Hilty and Brown 1986, Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995, Ridgely and Tudor 2001a, Hilty 2003, Schulenberg et al. 2010).

Historical changes

Fossil history

None reported.

Distribution of the Brown-capped Vireo
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Brown-capped Vireo

Recommended Citation

Rodríguez-Flores, C. I., C. A. Soberanes-González, M. d. C. Arizmendi, and T. S. Schulenberg (2013). Brown-capped Vireo (Vireo leucophrys), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.brcvir1.01