Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii
Version: 1.0 — Published September 13, 2018
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Two subspecies currently recognized (Dickinson and Christidis 2014). Tangara schrankii anchicayae Lehmann 1957, accepted by Storer (1970), is a junior synonym of Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae (Haffer 1975).
venezuelana, described as Tangara schrankii venezuelana Phelps and Phelps 1957; type locality Raudal Capuri, Caño Antabari, Caño Carún, Río Paragua, Bolívar, Venezuela, 300 m
Occurs in southeastern Venezuela (extreme eastern Amazonas and Bolívar).
Subspecies venezuelana is very similar to nominate schrankii, but in the male "the yellow rump patch is prominent, of a less pure yellow and with a greenish tint" (Phelps and Phelps 1957).
schrankii, described as Tangara schrankii Spix 1825; type locality not specified, restricted to Tabatinga, Brazil (Hellmayr 1936: 93).
Occurs throughout the range of the species, other than southeastern Venezuela.
See Detailed Description.
Green-and-gold Tanager is one of the 45 species within the genus Tangara. Tangara is divided into 13 species groups based on vocalizations, diet, geographic distributions, behavior, and appearance (Isler and Isler 1987). Isler and Isler (1999) placed Tangara schrankii in their species group 5, along with Tangara johannae (Blue-whiskered Tanager), Tangara parzudakii (Flame-faced Tanager), Tangara florida (Emerald Tanager), Tangara arthus (Golden Tanager), Tangara icterocephala (Silver-throated Tanager), Tangara xanthocephala (Saffron-crowned Tanager), and Tangara chrysotis (Golden-eared Tanager). Genetic evidence confirms the monophyly of this group (Burns and Naoki 2004, Sedano and Burns 2010, Burns et al. 2014). Within this group, Tangara schrankii is sister to Tangara johannae (Sedano and Burns 2010, Burns et al. 2014).