Order
Passeriformes
Family
Thraupidae
Genus
Tangara
 
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Version 1.0

This is a historic version of this account.  Current version

SPECIES

Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata

Makenzie Mabry and Kevin J. Burns
Version: 1.0 — Published October 5, 2010

Systematics

Geographic Variation

Four subspecies of Tangara larvata are recognized (Storer 1970), although variation with the species is "essentially clinal [although] the extremes in this cline differ considerably" (Wetmore et al. 1984).  The four subspecies are as follows:

larvata - Described by Du Bus in 1846; type locality Tabasco, Mexico. See Detailed Description; this subspecies "is the most richly colored" (Wetmore et al. 1984). Occurs from southern Mexico south to extreme northern Costa Rica; intergrades with centralis "along northern and eastern sides of Cordillera Central [of Nicaragua and Costa Rica]" (Storer 1970).

centralis - Described by Berlepsch in 1912; type locality Calovevora, Veragua, Panama.  Differs from nominate larvata by "cheeks, except posterior border, deep blue" (Wetmore et al. 1984). Occurs on the Caribbean slope of Costa Rica (except for the extreme north) and in western Panama (Storer 1970) in Bocas del Toro and the Caribbean slope of Veraguas (Wetmore et al. 1984).

franciscae - Described by Sclater in 1856; type locality Rio David, Chiriquí, Panama. Similar to centralis, but the violet-blue of the cheeks is paler (Wetmore et al. 1984).  Occurs on the Pacific slope of Costa Rica and western Panama (Storer 1970), in Chiriquí and Veraguas (Wetmore et al. 1984).

fanny - Described by Lafresnaye in 1847; type locality originally given as "in Nova Grenada," but believed to be Buenaventura, Choco, Colombia. Resembles franciscae in the color of the cheeks, but "with the light edging on primaries and coverts much reduced or absent, and the deep blue of the flanks mostly absent, the flanks being almost entirely turquoise" (Wetmore et al. 1984). Occurs from central Panama east to the Colombian border (on the Pacific slope of Panama from the Canal Zone to the east; and on the Caribbean slope of Panama from western Colclé to the east); south along the Pacific slope of Colombia to northwestern Ecuador, and in the lower Cauca and Magdalena valleys of northern Colombia (Storer 1970, Wetmore et al. 1984).

Subspecies

Related Species

The Golden-hooded Tanager is a passerine bird in the genus Tangara belonging to the clade Thraupinae (Burns and Naoki 2004). Because of the large number of Tangara species, 13 species groups are recognized, based on distributions, appearance, behavior, vocalizations and nest sites (Isler and Isler 1999). The Golden-hooded Tanager falls into Species Group 10 along with two other species, the Blue-necked Tanager (Tangara cyanicollis) and the Masked Tanager (Tangara nigrocincta) (Isler and Isler 1999); these three species also were considered by Storer (1970) to form a superspecies. These three species share have blue or golden hoods, contrasting black mantles and breasts, as well as black lores that extend into an eye mask (Isler and Isler 1999). Although Tangara larvata has a very distinct plumage, it previously was considered conspecific with Tangara nigrocincta (e.g., Hellmayr 1936, Zimmer 1943), until Eisenmann (1957) suggested that larvata and nigrocincta be recognized as distinct species. Burns and Naoki (2004) and Sedano and Burns (2010) confirmed that these three taxa form a monophyletic group. Burns and Naoki (2004) found that larvata was the sister taxon to cyanicollis, with nigrocincta the basal taxon in this trio, while Sedano and Burns (2010) instead reported that nigrocincta was sister to cyanicollis, and that the basal taxon was larvata.

Recommended Citation

Mabry, M. and K. J. Burns (2010). Golden-hooded Tanager (Tangara larvata), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.gohtan1.01