Neotropical Birds logo
Version 1.0

This is a historic version of this account.  Current version


Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

I. S. Malekan
Version: 1.0 — Published February 4, 2011


Distribution in the Americas

The range of Lineated Woodpecker extends south from Tamaulipas and southern Sonora, Mexico south to Trinidad and South America as far south as northwestern Peru, Paraguay, southeastern Bolivia, northeastern Argentina, and southern Brazil (Short 1982).

Native to Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (IUCN 2010).

Resident. The elevational range extends up to about 2100 m (Short 1982).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Lineated Woodpecker inhabits humid, transitional, and moderately dry forests and woods. Generally, it prefers relatively open areas such as forest edges, secondary forests, and pasture; does not occur in the interior of humid lowland forest, but occupies forest edge and river-edge forest. In drier areas, Lineated Woodpecker inhabits pine and gallery forest, as well as thorn scrub.

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

No information available.

Distribution of the Lineated Woodpecker - Range Map
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Lineated Woodpecker

Recommended Citation

Malekan, I. S. (2011). Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.linwoo1.01