Orange-eyed Flycatcher Tolmomyias traylori
Version: 1.0 — Published March 1, 2012
Account navigation Account navigation
Welcome to Birds of the World!
You are currently viewing one of the free accounts available in our complimentary tour of Birds of the World. In this courtesy review, you can access all the life history articles and the multimedia galleries associated with this account.
For complete access to all accounts, a subscription is required.
Members of Tolmomyias are small forest flycatchers, with broad bills. The upperparts are olive, and the underparts are pale yellow; they do not have wing bars, but the wing coverts are broadly edged with yellow-green. The most distinctive features of the Orange-eyed Flycatcher are the prominent buff wash across the forecrown, auriculars, and breast, and the pale orangish brown iris. It also has a dusky or grayish crown.
Species of Tolmomyias are similar to one another in appearance. By Tolmomyias standards, the Orange-eyed Flycatcher is distinctive, due to the buffy wash on the face and breast, and the pale orangey iris. It further differs from Yellow-breasted Flycatcher (Tolmomyias flaviventris) by the dusky or grayish crown, contrasting with the color of the back. Yellow-margined Flycatcher (Tolmomyias assimilis) also has a pale "speculum" (pale bases to the primaries), and occupies a different habitat (the interior of terra firme forest). Orange-eyed Flycatcher is not known to overlap geographically with any member of the Yellow-olive Flycatcher (Tolmomyias sulphurescens) complex, which it apparently replaces; subspecies Tolmomyias sulphurescens insignis, of western Amazonia, lacks the buffy face and breast of Orange-eyed Flycatcher, and the wings of insignis are less patterned, with olive (not yellow) margins.
Orange-eyed Flycatcher is more readily identified by its distinctive Vocalizations.
The following description is based on Schulenberg and Parker (1997):
Adult: Sexes similar. Forecrown cinnamon, feathers tipped olive-gray. Lores buff, feathers narrowly tipped dusky. Crown olive-gray. Auriculars and sides of nape cinnamon buff. Center of nape, scapulars, lesser wing coverts, back, rump, and uppertail coverts pale olive-green. Greater wing coverts and remiges dusky; outer webs of greater wing coverts edged greenish yellow, and outer webs of remiges narrowly edged olive-green. On the innermost secondary, the greenish yellow outer margin is bordered medially by a narrow stripe of yellowish white. Inner web of inner primaries and all but innermost two secondaries edged cream. Rectrices dusky, outer web of all but outermost rectrix edged olive-green. Chin and throat whitish buff. Center of breast ochraceous buff, sides of breast slightly duller. Center of belly bright yellow. Lower breast and flanks pale yellow. Undertail coverts cream.
Orange-eyed Flycatcher has the same wing formula as Yellow-olive Flycatcher (Tolmomyias sulphurescens): primary 4 is longer than primary 10 (primaries numbered from the outside in). In Yellow-margined Flycatcher (Tolmomyias assimilis), primary 10 averages longer than primary 4 (Zimmer 1939).
Iris: pale orangish brown, yellowish flesh
Bill: maxilla black, mandible pale pinkish brown
Tarsi and toes: dull bluish gray
Bare parts color data from Schulenberg and Parker (1997).
Total length: 13.5 cm (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001b)
|wing||tail||culmen (from base)||tarsus|
|male (n = 4)||mean||60.3||49.3||13.2||15.8|
|female (n = 2)||mean||56.3||46.3||13.3||15.4|
Mass: 11.5 g (male, n = 1; Schulenberg and Parker 1997)