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Version 2.0

This is a historic version of this account.  Current version


Spectacled Tyrannulet Zimmerius improbus

Andrew W. Jones
Version: 2.0 — Published November 30, 2018



BirdLife International. 2017. Species factsheet: Mountain Tyrannulet Zimmerius improbus. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 15 December 2017.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1927. Catalogue of the birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands. Part V. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 5.

Hilty, S.L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Hilty, S.L., and W.L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Phelps, W.H., and W.H. Phelps, Jr. 1954. Notes on Venezuelan birds and descriptions of six new subspecies. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 67: 103-114.

Restall, R., C. Rodner, and M. Lentino. 2006a. Birds of northern South America: an identification guide. Volume I. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Rheindt, F.E., A.M Cuervo, and R. T. Brumfield. 2013. Rampant polyphyly indicates cryptic diversity in a clade of Neotropical flycatchers (Aves: Tyrannidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 108: 889-900. https://doi.org/doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.02036.x

Sclater, P.L., and O. Salvin. 1870 [1871]. Descriptions of five new species of birds from the United States of Colombia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1870]: 840-844.

Tello, J.G., R.G. Moyle, D.J. Marchese, and J. Cracraft. 2009. Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotinga, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides). Cladistics 25: 429–467. https://doi.org/doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00254.x

Traylor, M.A., Jr. 1977. A classification of the tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 148: 129-184.

Traylor, M.A., Jr. 1979. Family Tyrannidae, tyrant flycatchers. Pages 1-229 in M.A. Traylor, Jr. (editor), Check-list of birds of the world. Volume VIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Warren, R.L.M., and C.J.O. Harrison. 1971. Type-specimens of birds in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume 2. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Recommended Citation

Jones, A. W. (2018). Spectacled Tyrannulet (Zimmerius improbus), version 2.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.paltyr4.02