Puna Tinamou Tinamotis pentlandii
Version: 1.0 — Published March 14, 2014
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Distribution in the Americas
Puna Tinamou occurs in the high Andes from Peru south through Bolivia to northern Chile and Argentina. The northern distributional limit usually is described as central Peru in Junín (Schulenberg et al. 2010), although there is a sight record as far north as Ancash. Puna Tinamou occurs south to Antofagasta, Chile (Jaramillo 2003) and to northwestern Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, and northern Catamarca) (Blake 1979).
Puna Tinamou occurs at very high elevations (indeed, at the elevations of all species of tinamou [Cabot 1992]): above 3900 m in Peru (Schulenberg et al. 2010), 3600-5000 m in Bolivia (Hennessey et al. 2003), and 3500-4500 m in Chile (Jaramillo 2003).
Distribution outside the Americas
Endemic to the Americas.
Puna Tinamou occurs "close to the upper limit of vegetation" (Morrison 1939). This species prefers tola (Lepidophyllum) heath, but also occupies other sandy or stony habitats with scattered cushion plants such as Larretia compacta and tussocks of coarse grass (Festuca orthophylla), and sometimes scattered Polylepis shrub (Pearson and Pearson 1955, Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990).