Neotropical Birds logo
Version 1.0

This is a historic version of this account.  Current version


Puerto Rican Tanager Nesospingus speculiferus

Alcides L. Morales
Version: 1.0 — Published February 24, 2012



Arendt, W. J., J. Faaborg, G. E. Wallace, and O. H. Garrido. 2004. Biometrics of birds throughout the greater Caribbean basin. Proceedings of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology 8: 1-33.

Biaggi, V. 1997. Las Aves de Puerto Rico. Cuarta Edición, Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, P.R., 389 pp.

BirdLife International. 2012. Species factsheet: Puerto Rican Tanager Nesospingus speculiferus. Downloaded from BirdLife International on 22 February 2012.

Burns, K.J., S.J. Hackett, and N.K. Klein. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of
Neotropical honeycreepers and the evolution of feeding morphology. Journal of Avian Biology 34: 360-370.

Carlo, A. T., Collazo, A. J., and Groom, J. M. 2004 Influences of Fruit Diversity and Abundance in Bird Use of Two Shade Coffe Plantations. Biotropica 36(4): 602-614.

Collazo, A. J., Bonilla-Martínez, G. I. 1988. Comparación de la riqueza de aves entre plantaciones de pino hondureño (Pinus caribaea) y areas de bosque nativo en el Bosque Estatal de Carite, Cayey, Puerto Rico 24(1-2): 1-10.

Cory, B.C. 1889. The Birds of The West Indies. Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 24 Franklin Street, Boston. 86pp.

Cruz, A. 1980. Avian feeding Assemblages in Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 15(3-4): 21-27.

Delannoy, A. C., Cruz, A. 1999. Patterns of Prey Abundance and Use by Male and Female Puerto Rican Sharp-shinned Hawks. Caribbean Journal of Science 35(1-2): 38-45.

Fernández, J. R. 1993. Observations on the foraging behavior of avian frugivores in a Puerto Rican Lower Montane Wet forest. Master's Thesis, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus. 106 pp.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1936. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part IX. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 9.

Hilty, S. L. (2011). Family Thraupidae (Tanagers). Pp. 46-329 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Christie, D. A. eds. (2011). Handbook of The Birds of The World. Vol. 16 Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Leck, F. C. 1972. Observations of Birds at Cecropia trees in Puerto Rico. Wilson Bulletin 84(4): 498-500.

Miranda-Castro, L., A. R. Puente-Rolón, and S. Vega Castillo. 2000. First list of the vertebrates of the Los Tres Picachos State Forest, Puerto Rico, with data on relative abundance and altitunidal distribution. Caribbean Journal of Science 36: 117-126.

Pérez-Rivera, R. A. 1998. Desplazamiento de Llorosas de Puerto Rico (Nesospingus speculiferus) por el Huracán Georges. El Pitirre 11(3): 93-94.

Pérez-Rivera, R. A. 1997. The Importance of vertebrates in the diet of tanagers. Journal of Field Ornithology. 68(2): 178-182.

Pérez-Rivera, R. A. 1993. Notes on the Breeding of the Puerto Rican Tanager (Nesospingus speculiferus). Caribbean Journal of Science 29(3-4): 262-264.

Raffaele, H. A. 1983. A guide to the birds of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Fondo Educativo Interameriano. Río Piedras, P.R. 253 pp.

Raffaele, H., J. Wiley, O. Garrido, A. Keith, and J. Raffaele. 1998. A guide to the birds of the West Indies. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Ridgway, R. 1902. The birds of North and Middle America. Part II. United States National Museum Bulletin 50, part 2.

Rolle, J. F. 1961. The Puerto Rican Tanager. The Florida Naturalist. 34(1): 3-6.

Sociedad Ornotológica Puerto Riqueña Inc. (Unplubished data). Atlas de las Aves de Puerto Rico. http://www.aosbirds.org/prbba/Puerto%20Rico%20Status.html

Storer, R.W. 1970. Subfamily Thraupinae, Tanagers. Pages 246-408 in R.A. Paynter, Jr. and R.W Storer (editors), Check-list of the birds of the world. Volume XIII. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Willis, O. E. 1973. Local distribution of Mixed Flocks in Puerto Rico. Wilson Bulletin 85(1): 75-77.

Wetmore, A. 1927. The Birds of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences Scientific Survey Of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands 9(3&4): 254-406.

Wetmore, A. 1922. Bird remains from the caves of Puerto Rico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 46: 297-333.

Wetmore, A. 1916. Birds of Porto Rico. United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin number 326.

Recommended Citation

Morales, A. L. (2012). Puerto Rican Tanager (Nesospingus speculiferus), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.purtan1.01