Roraiman Nightjar Setopagis whitelyi
Version: 1.0 — Published July 11, 2014
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Setopagis whitelyi is monotypic.
Described as Anstrotomus whitelyi (Salvin 1885); type locality Roraima, Guyana [= Mount Roraima, Bolívar, Venezuela; Phelps 1938]
This species later was transferred to Caprimulgus, a genus that eventually encompassed a large number of species of nightjars worldwide (Salvin and Hartert 1892, Peters 1940, Dickinson 2003). Recent phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data, from both mitochondrial and nuclear genes, however, reveals that the broadly defined Caprimulgus of Peters (1940) and other authors is highly polyphyletic (Han et al. 2010, Sigurdsson and Cracraft 2014). Caprimulgus proper is entirely confined to the Old World, and New World species of "Caprimulgus" are split into several clades. Currently whitelyi is classified in the genus Setopagis, together with heterurus (Todd's Nightjar), parvulus (Little Nightjar), and maculosus (Cayenne Nightjar) (Remsen et al. 2014). An alternative, however, is to include all of these species in an expanded Hydropsalis (Sigurdsson and Cracraft 2014).