Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus
Version: 1.0 — Published October 11, 2013
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Campylopterus rufus is monotypic.
Described as Campylopterus rufus Lesson 1840; no type locality given, presumed to be Guatemala.
Phylogenetic relationships within Campylopterus have not been resolved; Campylopterus rufus possibly forms a superspecies with Campylopterus hyperythrus (Rufous-breasted Sabrewing) (Schuchmann 1999).
Phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data reveals that hummingbirds (Trochilidae) constitute nine major clades, comprising the hermits, mangos, Patagona, topazes, coquettes, brilliants, mountain-gems, bees, and emeralds (McGuire et al. 2007). Sabrewings (Campylopterus) belong to the emerald clade. According to this estimate, Campylopterus is sister to a clade made up of Antillean Crested Hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus) and Violet-headed Hummingbird (Klais guimeti). Presumably the genera Abeillia, Stephanoxis, and Phaeochroa also are closely related to the Onychorhynchus-Klais-Campylopterus clade (McGuire et al. 2009), but were not included among the taxa investigated in this research.