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Version 1.0

This is a historic version of this account.  Current version


Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana

Zerick Kuecker, Carlos A. Soberanes-González, Claudia I. Rodríguez-Flores, Marîa del Coro Arizmendi, and Tom Johnson
Version: 1.0 — Published January 20, 2012


Distribution in the Americas

The Ruddy Quail-Dove is widespread in the lowlands of the Neotropics, from northern Mexico south to northern Argentina. It occurs throughout the Greater Antilles, and in the Lesser Antilles on Antigua, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada.

In Central America in occurs on both slopes from Mexico south to El Salvador (Howell and Webb 1995). It is present only on the Atlantic slope of Honduras and Nicaragua, as well as in Costa Rica and Panama; the distribution on the Pacific slope resumes in southern Costa Rica (Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995).

Distribution in Peru of Geotrygon montana. Solid circles: specimen records; open circles; sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

The Ruddy Quail-Dove often is described as resident (e.g. Panama, Wetmore 1968; Costa Rica, Stiles and Skutch 1989; Mexico, Howell and Webb 1995; Caribbean, Raffaele et al. 1998; Venezuela, Hilty 2003; Peru, Schulenberg et al. 2007). Stouffer and Bierregaard (1993), however, document dramatic changes in abundance, or even its periodic absence, at a site in Amazonian Brazil. Stouffer and Bierregaard (1993) suggest that these movements are large scale irruptive movements in search of food resources, rather than regular migrations.

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The Ruddy Quail-Dove primarily occurs in the understory of lowland evergreen forest, but also occurs in tall second growth, semi-deciduous forests and in coffee and cacao plantations (Stiles and Skutch 1989, Howell and Webb 1995).

Historical changes

Fossil history

Distribution of the Ruddy Quail-Dove - Range Map
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Ruddy Quail-Dove

Recommended Citation

Kuecker, Z., C. A. Soberanes-González, C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, M. d. C. Arizmendi, and T. Johnson (2012). Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.ruqdov.01