Neotropical Birds logo
Version 1.0

This is a historic version of this account.  Current version


Sinaloa Martin Progne sinaloae

Emerson D. Fang and Thomas S. Schulenberg
Version: 1.0 — Published May 7, 2010


Welcome to Birds of the World!

You are currently viewing one of the free accounts available in our complimentary tour of Birds of the World. In this courtesy review, you can access all the life history articles and the multimedia galleries associated with this account.

For complete access to all accounts, a subscription is required.

Subscribe Now

Already a subscriber? Sign in

Distribution in the Americas

Breeds locally on the western slope of the Sierra Madre Occidental in western Mexico, from northeastern Sonora south to Jalisco and Michoacán (Howell and Webb 1995, Russell and Monson 1998), where present February to August or early September (Howell and Webb 1995, Lethaby and King 2010). A detailed review of all historical records is provided by Lethaby and King (2o10).

The elevational range of the Sinaloa Martin is 1100-2800 m (American Ornithologists' Union 1998). Probably breeds above the lower (coastal) areas occupied by Gray-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea), but below the elevations where Purple Martin (Progne subis) breeds (Phillips 1986).

The nonbreeding distribution of Sinaloa Martin is completely unknown, although it often is suspected of wintering in South America, especially in northern South America (e.g. Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Howell and Webb 1995, American Ornithologists' Union 1998, Restall et al. 2006). There is a confirmed (specimen) record of a migrant from March in Guatemala (Holt 1926). There also is a sight record of several martins, believed to be this species, heading east out over the coast of Belize, with larger numbers of Purple Martin in late August; this unconfirmed record suggests "a migration route to-from the north coast of South America" (Howell and Webb 1995).

A reported specimen of a vagrant from Bermuda (Phillips 1986) is a Caribbean Martin (Progne dominicensis) (Howell and Webb 1995)

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Pine (Pinus) forest and mixed forest of pine and oak (Quercus) (Howell and Webb 1995).  In Sonora, observed foraging "over the pine-oak woodlands, pastures, orchards, and the barranca edge" (Russell and Monson 1998).

Historical changes

None reported. Although there is concern that the total population has declined, perhaps to dangerous levels (see Conservation Status), there are recent records from throughout the known historical range of the Sinaloa Martin (Lethaby and King 2010).

Fossil history

No information.

Distribution of the Sinaloa Martin
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Sinaloa Martin

Recommended Citation

Fang, E. D. and T. S. Schulenberg (2010). Sinaloa Martin (Progne sinaloae), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.sinmar1.01