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White-throated Flycatcher is a medium-sized Empidonax flycatcher that is drab, brownish olive overall with a white throat, giving the species its English name. The wings have pale, buffy wingbars and tertial edgings. White-throated Flycatcher's raspy, nasal song is distinct from that of other species of Empidonax, making it one of the best distinguishing features of the species. Exhibiting short-distance migration, this species breeds in highlands in open and semi-open areas with hedges and shrubby growth, open pine forests, as well as in damp meadows and near streams; it winters at lower elevations in marshes and other habitats characterized by rushes, reeds and scrubby edges.