The Key to Scientific Names

Edited by James A. Jobling
1 to 20 of 79 results

ALOPOCHEN

(Anatidae; Ϯ Egyptian Goose A. aegyptiaca) Gr. αλωπος alōpos  fox-like  < αλωπηξ alōpēx, αλωπεκος alōpekos  fox; χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose. The Egyptian Goose was known as χηναλωπηξ khēnalōpēx   fox-goose, to the ancient Greeks, from the colour of its plumage and ability to protect its goslings from foxes (although the name could equally apply to the Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea); "Another African form of the same family is the well-known Egyptian or Nile goose (Alopochen ægyptiaca). It is often found figured on the Egyptian monuments, and was known to the ancient Greeks, who called it 'chenalopex,' or fox-goose, either because it breeds in burrows, or on account of its color, which is more or less rusty, especially round the eyes, neck, tertials, and a spot on the breast.  ...  The Egyptian goose has no close ally in the Old World, and it is a somewhat extraordinary fact that the Orinoco goose (Alopochen jubata), brown, with green wings and white wing speculum, head, and neck, and with a slight nuchal crest or 'mane,' which inhabits northeastern South America, seems to be congeneric with it." (Stejneger 1885); "Alopochen Stejneger, Standard Nat. Hist., 4, 1885, p. 141. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas ægyptiaca Linné. (Oberholser, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci., 8, 1918, p. 572.)" (Peters, 1931, I, p. 154). 
Synon. Chenalopex, Mascarenachen.


Andichenodes

(Anatidae; syn. Oressochen † Andean Goose O. melanopterus) Mod. L. Andium  Andes; Gr. χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; -οιδης -oidēs  resembling; "Die Andengans, bisher als Chloephaga melanoptera (EYTON) bekannt, weicht von den Arten dieser Gattung nicht nur durch gedrungeneren Schnabel, massigeren Körperbau, die auffallend rote Färbung von Schnabel und Füßen, schwarze, metallisch grün schimmernde Schulterfedern und violettroten, nicht erzgrünen Metallglanz des Spiegels, sondern besonders durch das Gehabe,die Art des Laufens mit stark zurückgelehntem Hals und an den Hals angedrücktem Kinn, vorgewölbter Brust und gesträubtem Gefieder und das Triumphgehabe ab, bei dem der Hals abwechselnd bis zum Boden vor- und abwärts gestreckt, und dann wieder rückwärts über den Rücken geworfen wird, wobei Scheitel und Hinterhals den Rücken berühren. In diesen ethologischen Eigenheiten nähert sich die Andengans auffallend der Orinokogans, Neochen jubatus und muß daher in einer eigenen, intermediär zwischen Neochen und Chloephaga stehenden Gattung abgetrennt werden, die ich  Andichenodes. gen. nov. nenne. (Genotyp: Anser melanopterus EYTON, Monog. Anat., 1838, S. 93, Titikakasee)" (von Boetticher 1950) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Andichenodes von Boetticher in Wolters and von Boetticher, 1950, Beiträge zur Gattungssystematik der Vögel, II, System Enten u. Gänsevogel, p. 43 Type, by original designation, Anser melanopterus Eyton, 1838." (JAJ 2020).


ayacuchensis
Ayacucho, Peru.

balchaschensis

Lake Balkhash or Balqash, south-eastern Kazakhstan (Laurent Raty in litt.).


Bichenoa

(Estrildidae; syn. Stizoptera  Double-barred Finch S. bichenovii) James Ebenezer Bicheno (1785-1851) English barrister, Secretary of the Linnean Society of London 1825-1832, Colonial Secretary for Tasmania 1842-1851, botanist; "Stictoptera Reichenbach (Singv. p. 31, 1861) is preoccupied by Stictoptera Guénée (Noct. iii. p. 51, 1852), a genus used for Lepidoptera, Fam. Noctuidæ.  To replace it I propose the name Bichenoa, with type species bichenovii (Vig. & Horsf.) from Australia. The genus also includes B. annulosa (Gould), from N. & N.W. Australia.  Mr. J. E. Bicheno was Secretary of the Linnean Society of London from 1825 to 1832.  Vigors and Horsfield in describing bichenovii dedicate it to him thus: "In honorem viri nobis amicissimi JACOBI E. BICHENO, Armigeri, Linneanæ Societatis SECRETARII, Zoologiæ studiosissimi, hæc species perpulchra nominatur." (Trans. Linn. Soc., Zool. 1827, vol. xv. p. 258.)  One may hope perhaps, therefore, that the commemoration of Mr. Bicheno's name in this additional manner would have found favour with the original authors of the species." (Moulton 1923); "Bichenoa Moulton, 1923, Ibis, p. 728.  New name for Stictoptera Reichenbach, 1861, not of Guénée, 1852 (Lepidoptera)." (JAJ 2021).


bichenoii / bichenovii

James Ebenezer Bicheno (1785-1851) English barrister, Colonial Secretary for Tasmania 1842-1851, botanist (Stizoptera).


bineschensis

Binescho, Kaffa, south-western Abyssinia / Binesho, Ethiopia.


buchenorum

Walther Buchen (1886-1961) US businessman, collector in East Africa, Trustee of Chicago Natural History Mus., and his wife Margaret L. Buchen née Head (1890-1971) (subsp. Cinnyris souimanga).


calauchenia

Gr. καλος kalos  beautiful; αυχην aukhēn, αυχενος aukhenos  neck, throat.


callauchen

Gr. καλλος kallos  beauty  < καλος kalos  beautiful; αυχην aukhēn, αυχενος aukhenos  neck, throat.


Callichen

(Anatidae; syn. Netta Red-crested Pochard N. rufina) Gr. καλλος kallos  beauty  < καλος kalos  beautiful; khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; "Kolbenente.  Callichen *), Br.   ...   *) Von καλος, schön und χην, Gans, Ente.  ...  Die rothköpfige Kolbenente. Callichen ruficeps, Br. (Platypus rufinus, Br., Anas rufina, Pall. N.W. 1. Ausg. Taf. 32, 63. 64.)" (C. Brehm 1830); "Callichen Brehm, Isis, 1830, col. 999—type, by monotypy, Callichen ruficeps "Brehm" = Anas rufina Pallas." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (2), p. 365).


camtschatcae / camtschatchensis / camtschatica / camtschaticus / camtschatkensis

Kamchatka, Siberia.
● ex “Kamtschatka Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Calliope calliope).
● Erroneous TL. "Kamtschatka" (= Princes I. Java); ex “Long-billed Warbler” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Orthotomus sepium) (so identified by Stresemann 1950).


chalcauchenia

Gr. χαλκος khalkos  bronze; αυχενιος aukhenios  of the neck  < αυχην aukhēn, αυχενος aukhenos  neck.
ex “Paloma parda tapadas roxas” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 320 (subsp. Leptotila verreauxi).


CHELYCHELYNECHEN

‡ (Anatidae; Turtle-jawed Goose C. quassus) Gr. χελυς khelus  turtle; χελυνη khelunē  lip, jaw  < χειλος kheilos  lip; χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; the flightless Turtle-jawed Goose is known only from subfossil remains found on Kaua'i in the Hawaiian Is.; "Chelychelynechen, new genus    Type species: Chelychelynechen quassus, new species.  ...   Etymology: "Turtle-jawed goose," from Greek, chelys, turtle, chelyne lip, jaw, and chen, goose; so named for the decidedly chelonian aspect of the rostrum and mandible.  The gender is masculine." (Olson & James 1991); "Chelychelynechen Olson and James, 1991, AOU Orn. Monographs, 45, p. 32.  Type, by original designation, Chelychelynechen quassus Olson and James, 1991." (JAJ 2020).


Chen

(Anatidae; syn. Anser  Snow Goose A. caerulescens) Gr. χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; the Greeks applied this word to both wild and domesticated geese, the latter being kept for their meat, eggs and feathers, as farmyard guards, even as pets; "72. Familie  Gänse, Anser.  ...  148. Gattung. Chen.  376. hyperborea." (Boie 1822); "Chen, Boie, 1822, Isis von Oken, col. 563.  Type, by monotypy, Anser hyperboreus Pallas, 1769 = Anas caerulescens Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020). 


Chenalopen (See: Chenalopex)
Chenalopex

L. chenalopex, chenalopeces  fox-goose  < Gr. χηναλωπηξ khēnalōpēx, χηναλωπεκος khēnalōpekos  fox-goose, generally identified as the Egyptian Goose  < χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; αλωπηξ alōpēx, αλωπεκος alōpekos  fox. "Chenalopex, = Anas ægyptiaca Gm., antiquitati bene cognita, ab Aristotele et Ornithologis plerisque antiquis memoratur. Nomen igitur hoc sensu adhibendum, etsi a Moehringio pessime Alcæ impenni datum; qui mos, nostris temporibus, a multis acceptus est" (Sundevall 1873).
• (Anatidae; syn. Alopochen  Egyptian Goose A. aegyptiaca) "CHENALOPEX. SPURWING.  ... CHENALOPEX Antiquorum.  ... According to Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire, the Spur-wing is the Chenalopex, or Vulpanser of the ancients, which was revered by the Egyptians from the great attachment it has for its young; I have therefore applied that name to the genus.  ... EGYPTIAN SPURWING. (Chenalopex Ægyptiaca.)" (Stephens 1824); "Chenalopex Stephens, 1824, General Zoology (ed. Shaw), XII (II), p. 40.  Type, by monotypy, Chenalopex aegyptiaca, i.e. Anas aegyptiaca Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Chenelopex, Chenalopen.
‡ (Alcidae; syn. Pinguinus Great Auk P. impennis) "PINGUIN, in 't Latyn Chenalopex.  Magellaanse Gans en Pinguin by CLUSIUS, WORMIUS [“Anser magellanicus”], RAY ["In bigness it comes near to a tame Goose"], WILLUGHBY. Orn. 242.  Onder de Aarsvoeten by LINNÆUS. Syst. Nat. gesl. 52" (Moehring 1758); "CHENALOPEX.  ...  D'un autre côté, Moehring a appliqué le nom de chenalopex, comme terme générique, au grand pingouin, alia [sic] impennis, Linn." (Dumont 1817); "Chenalopex "Moehring" Dumont, 1817, Dict. Sci. Nat., VIII, p. 393.  Type, by monotypy, Alca impennis Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Chenalopes.


chenalopex

L. chenalopex, chenalopeces  fox-goose  < Gr. χηναλωπηξ khēnalōpēx, χηναλωπεκος khēnalōpekos  fox-goose, generally identified as the Egyptian Goose  < χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; αλωπηξ alōpēx, αλωπεκος alōpekos  fox (cf. genus Chenalopex Stephens, 1824, goose) (syn. Alopochen aegyptiaca).


chendoola
Hindi names Chănḍūl or Chănḍūr for all crested larks (subsp. Galerida cristata).

CHENDYTES

(‡ Anatidae; Ϯ Diving Goose C. lawi) Gr. χην khēn, χηνος khēnos  goose; δυτης dutēs  diver  < δυω duō  to dive; "In all these respects the big goose-like fossil is a diver—really a sea duck as big as a Canada Goose. Presumably his habits were those of the Surf Duck which winters along our southern California shores, feeding almost in the surf and rafting just outside the breaker line." (L. H. Miller 1925).


chenensis
Cochinchina; ex “Couliavan de la Cochinchine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 570 (syn. Oriolus chinensis).

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