The Key to Scientific Names

Edited by James A. Jobling
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percnopterus

● L. percnopterus  vulture  < Gr. περκνοπτερος perknopteros  vulture  < περκνος perknos  dusky; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing; "40. VULTUR.  ...  Perenopterus.  6. V. remigibus nigris margine exteriore (præter extimas) canis.  Perenopterus s. Gypaëtos. Aldr. orn. t. 2. c. 10. Raj. av. 8.  Falco montanus ægyptiacus. Hasselqv. act. Stockh. 1751. p. 196.  Vultur, Percnopterus, capite nudo, gula plumosa. Hasselq. itin. 209.  Vultur  niger. Raj. av. 9.  Vultur bæticus. Raj. av. 10.  Vultur albus. Raj. av. 10.  Vultur aquilina. Aldr. orn. Alb. av. 2. p. 3. t. 3.  Vultur fulvus, bætico bellonii congener. Raj. av. 10. Habitat in Ægypto.  Mas totus albus: Remigibus atris margine exteriore canis, exceptis duabus primis unicoloribus: Femina tota fusca: Remigibus quatuor extimis concoloribus. Rostrum atrum cera flava. Hasselqv. Nares perpetuo stillant. RajPurgat Cairi terram a cadaverum fœtore, stipendiis allectus. Hasselq." (Linnaeus 1758); “The specific name of the Egyptian Vulture was spelt perenopterus, not percnopterus, by Linnaeus. This is obviously a misprint, as he quotes from Aldrovandus and Ray, both of whom spelled the word percnopterus” (BOU 1915). This epithet is the sixth name and fourth autochthonym in avian nomenclature (Neophron).
● Gr. περκνος perknos  dark; -πτερος -pteros  -winged (syn. Gyps fulvus, syn. Xenoctistes rufosuperciliatus).


Percnopterus

Gr. περκνοπτερος perknopteros  vulture  < περκνος perknos  dusky;  -πτερος -pteros  -winged   < πτερον pteron  wing.
• (Cathartidae;  syn. Cathartes † Turkey Vulture C. aura) "GENUS IV. —  PERCNOPTERUS Antiquorum.  ...  THESE are smaller and fiercer birds, and are more filthy in their habits than those of the two preceding genera; they prey upon the foulest carrion, not disdaining even excrementitious matter, thereby being of infinite service in clearing the surface of the ground from those noxious substances.   Sp. 1.  Pe. Ægyptiacus.  Vultur Percnopterus. Shaw, v. vii. p. 33. — Vultur ginginianus Shaw, v. vii. p. 32.   ...   Sp. 2.  Pe. Aura.  Vultur Aura. Shaw, v. viii. p. 36.   ...   Sp. 3.  Pe. Uruba.  ...  Vultur Uruba. Vieil. Ois. d'Amer. Sept. pt. 2. — Vultur atratus. — Turkey Buzzard. Wils. Amer. Orn. v. ix. p. 104. pl. lxxv. f. 2.   ...   Sp. 4.  Pe. Monachus.  ...  Cathartes monachus. Temm. Pl. Col. 222." (Stephens 1826); "Percnopterus Stephens, 1826, General Zoology, XIII (2), p. 6.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 1), C. aura, i.e. Vultur aura Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).  
• (Accipitridae; syn. Neophron Egyptian Vulture N. percnopterus ) "Nasal orifices placed longitudinally.   28. SARCORAMPHUS.  Condor.  Neck bare of feathers.  Cere carunculated.   29. PERCNOPTERUS.  Neck covered with feathers" (Fleming, 1822, Philosophy of Zoology, II, p. 233 (nom. nud.)); "Genre NÉOPHRON, Percnopterus.  ...  1. NÉOPHRON PERCNOPTÈRE, Neophron percnopterus.  ...   Comme les précédens. il cherche sans cesse les charognes les plus puantes, et exhale lui-même une odeur infecte; et dès qu'il est mort, il se putréfie." (Vieillot 1822); "Percnopterus Vieillot, 1822, Faune Française, Oiseaux, livr. 5 & 6, p. 3.  Type, by monotypy, Vultur percnopterus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Perenopterus, Perinopterus.


subpercnopterus

L. sub  near to; specific name Vultur percnopterus Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Neophron percnopterus).


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