The Key to Scientific Names

Edited by James A. Jobling
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(Platysteiridae; Ϯ White-tailed Shrike L. torquatus) Portmanteau of genera Lanius Linnaeus, 1758, shrike, and Turdus Linnaeus, 1758, thrush; more recently the White-tailed Shrike has received the name Ground Batis, to reflect its new familial position; “Genus LANIOTURDUS, Waterh.   ...   Sp. L. TORQUATUS, Waterh.   ...   Not finding this bird described in the various works which I have consulted, nor yet being acquainted with a genus into which it can conveniently be placed, I have been under the necessity of characterizing a new genus for its reception. Its general characters indicate that its true affinities are with the Laniadæ, and it appears most nearly related to the members of the sub-family Thamnophilina of Swainson. Its thrush-like beak, short square tail, and long tarsi, however, will serve to distinguish it generally. It has the long and soft rump-feathers which are always found in the Thamnophili.” (Waterhouse 1838); "Lanioturdus Waterhouse, 1838, in Alexander, Exped. Int. Afr., 2, App., p. 264. Type, by monotypy, Lanioturdus torquatus Waterhouse." (Rand in Peters, 1960, IX, p. 314).
Synon. Hypsipus, Moquinus.


(Grallariidae; syn. Grallaria Variegated Antpitta G. varia) Gr. μυια muia, μυιας muias  fly; L. turdus  thrush; "Merulidae Vigors.  ...  Myioturdus: Turdus rex Lin." (Boie 1826); "Myioturdus Boie, 1826, Isis von Oken, col. 972.  Type, by monotypy, Turdus rex Gmelin, 1789 = Formicarius varius Boddaert, 1783." (JAJ 2020).


(Mimidae; syn. Dumetella Grey Catbird D. carolinensis) Gr. μυς mus, μυος muos  mouse (i.e. mouse-coloured, grey); L. turdus  thrush; "TIMALIDES.  ...  Myoturdus.  Turdus carolinensis (Muscicapa car. L.) huc referendus" (Sundevall 1836); "Myoturdus Sundevall, 1836, Öfversigt Kongl. Vetensk.-Akadem. Handl., (1835), p. 94.  Type, by monotypy, Muscicapa carolinensis Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2021).


(Turdidae; syn. Geokichla Spotted Thrush G. guttata) Gr. ψευδος pseudos  false; genus Turdus Linnaeus, 1758, thrush; "Another genus is to be found in Turdus guttatus Vigors, which has the underparts of the body marked as in Psophocichla, but differs in that the tail is longer, the wings more rounded, the bill shorter and about as high as broad at the base; this genus I name PSEUDOTURDUS gen. nov., type T. guttatus Vigors.  It inhabits forested regions in the eastern tract, and the differences which can be observed in structure and softer tone of coloration may be due to this.  It is probably allied to Psophocichla and both of these to Turdus viscivorus rather than the other species so markedly different in the colour of the underparts of the body." (A. Roberts 1922); "Pseudoturdus A. Roberts, 1922, Annals Transvaal Mus., VIII (4), p. 227.  Type, by original designation, Turdus guttatus Vigors, 1831." (JAJ 2020).


L. turdus  thrush.
● ex “Grivetin” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 118 < French Grive thrush (syn. Erythropygia leucophrys).
● "89. Loxia Turdus F.  ...  Habitat in insula australi Novae Zeeelandiae, simillima Turdo, statura, colore, pedibus.  Corpus magnitudine Turdi viscivori, supra fuscum." (Forster 1844) (syn. Turnagra capensis).


(Turdidae; Mistle Thrush T. viscivorus) L. turdus  thrush; "95. TURDUS.  Rostrum tereti-cultratum, maxilla superiore apice deflexo.  Nares nudæ, superne membranula semitectæ.  Lingua lacero-emarginata." (Linnaeus 1758); "Turdus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 168. Type, by subsequent designation (Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 27), Turdus viscivorus Linnaeus." (Ripley in Peters, 1964, X, p. 177); "Turdus Linnæus  ...   It has been suggested by Oberholser and others that a prior designation is that of Selby ('Illustrations of British Ornithology,' 1st ed. 1825, p. xxix), who made the "Blackbird" the type of Turdus; but an examination of Selby's table shows that his idea of what constituted the type of a genus is not in accordance with our present rules, and in several cases more than one species is listed as the type of a single genus." (W. Sclater, 1930, Syst. Av. Aethiop., II, p. 437).  Linnaeus's Turdus comprised sixteen species (T. viscivorus, T. pilaris, T. iliacus, T. musicus, T. Canorus, T. rufus, T. polyglottos, T. Orpheus, T. plumbeus, T. crinitus, T. roseus, T. Merula, T. torquatus, T. solitarius, T. arundinaceus, T. virens).   
Var. TardusTurusTrudus, Turtus, Curdus.     
Synon. Afrocichla, Arceuthornis, Cichlherminia, Cichloides, Cichloselys, Copsichus, Copsicus, Cossyphopsis, Galeoscoptes, Haplocichla, Hodoiporus, Iliacus, Ixocossyphus, Lamprophonus, Melizocincla, Meridiocichla, Merula, Merulissima, Mimocichla, Mimokitta, Nesocichla, Peliocichla, Petrocincla, Planesticus, Platycichla, Semimerula, Thoracocincla, Turdela, Turdicus.

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