The Key to Scientific Names

Edited by James A. Jobling
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Ania

(Anatidae; syn. Melanitta Black Scoter M. nigra) Gr. ανια ania  grief, sorrow (i.e. in mourning, black); "OIDEMIA.  SCOTER.  ... OIDEMIA. Fleming.  ANIA. Leach in Brit. Mus. Coll.  ...  All the known species are distinguished by a dull and fuliginous garb and inelegant form" (Stephens in Shaw, 1824, General Zoology, XII (ii), p. 212); "OIDEMIA, Flem. (1822).  Anas, L.  Melanetta, Boie.  Ania, Leach, MSS.  Œdemia, Strickl.   O. nigra, (L.) Flem. Pl. enl. 978." (G. Gray 1841); "Ania G. Gray ex Leach, 1841, List Genera Birds, 2nd ed., p. 95.  Type, by original designation, Anas nigra Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).


Bannermania

(Hydrobatidaesyn. Hydrobates Ϯ Hornby's Storm-petrel H. hornbyi ) Dr David Armitage Bannerman (1886-1979) Scottish ornithologist; "Since the 'Birds of Australia' was published a very useful summary of the distribution of the Tubinares in the North Atlantic Ocean by D. A. Bannerman has appeared in the 'Ibis' for July 1914, pp. 438-494.  ... When Coues separated Cymochorea and restricted Oceanodroma to furcata he included with that species hornbyi Gray.  ... It differs absolutely in coloration from Oceanodroma or the dusky Petrels of the Hydrobates-Halocyptena-Cymochorea-group. It recalls to us a similar anomalous form from the south, Pelagodroma marina Latham.  ... The species hornbyi has just as distinctive coloration, and as it does not correlate at all with any of the other members of the family, we propose for it the generic name BANNERMANIA, gen. nov." (Mathews & Iredale 1915); "Bannermania Mathews and Iredale, Ibis, 1915, p. 578. Type, by monotypy, Thalassidroma hornbyi Gray." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 72).


bascania / bascanica
Baskan, north-eastern Turkistan.

Briania

(Muscicapidae; syn. Ficedula  Pygmy Blue Flycatcher F. hodgsoni) Brian Houghton Hodgson (1800-1894) English diplomat, Resident to Nepal 1833-1844, ethnologist, naturalist; "The generic name Nitidula Jerdon & Blyth, 1861, with type Nitidula campbelli of the same authors (= Nemura hodgsoni Moore) is preoccupied by Nitidula Fabr., 1775 (Coleoptera, fide Agassiz).  No later name is available, so the genus may be known as Briania, nom. nov.  The genus is at present monotypic" (Chasen & Boden Kloss 1930); "Briania Chasen and Boden Kloss, 1930, Bull. British Orn. Club, L (341), p. 69.  New name for Nitidula Jerdon and Blyth, 1861, not of Fabricius, 1775 (Coleoptera)." (JAJ 2020).


Cataphania

(Artamidaesyn. Artamus Ϯ White-breasted Woodswallow A. leucorynchus) Gr. καταφανεια kataphaneia  evident  < καταφαινω kataphainō  to make evident  < κατα kata  in relation to; φαινω phainō  to show; "Oxypterum (Leach 1817; Thierlaus) bl. — Oxyptera (Cuv. Vogel; Meyen Act. Leop.): Cataphania, N." (Gistel 1848); "Cataphania Gistel, 1848, Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs. Für höhere Schulen, p. X.  New name for Oxyptera Cuv., i.e. Ocypterus Cuvier, 1817, believed preoccupied by Oxypterum Leach, 1817." (JAJ 2020).


Chapmania

(Psittacidae; syn. Pyrilia  Orange-cheeked Parrot P. barrabandi) Frank Michler Chapman (1864-1945) US ornithologist; "Comtudo, Eucinetes, não póde conter a fórma barrabandi, de que fazemos typo do genero Chapmania ao lado de Pionites.   ...    Chapmania, nobis.   Fórma geral de Eucinetes, tendo a fronte e os lóros emplumados normalmente, a região periophthalmica francamente núa, o cerumen estendendo-se até o hiato, a tomia fracamente entalhada, o gonis de base excavado, remiges 1.a, 2.a e 3.a eguaes.   Especie brasileira:  67—  CHAPMANIA BARRABANDI (Kuhl.)   Curica" (de Miranda-Ribeiro 1920); "Chapmania de Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920, Revista Museu Paulista, XII, pp. 10, 65.  Type, by original designation and monotypy, Psittacus barrabandi Kuhl, 1820." (JAJ 2021).


Chapmaniana

(Psittacidae; syn. Pyrilia  Orange-cheeked Parrot P. barrabandi) Genus Chapmania de Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920, parrot; L. suffix -ana  pertaining to; "Chapmania A. de M. Ribeiro, Revista Museu Paulista XII. p. 10, 65 (1920) (Type: Psittacus barrabandi Kuhl) kann wegen Chapmannia Monticelli 1893 nicht bleiben.  Neuer Name: Chapmaniana Strand n. n." (Strand 1928) (OD per Laurent Raty); "Chapmaniana Strand, 1928, Archiv für Naturgeschichte, XC, Abth. A. Heft 8, p. 58.  New name for Chapmania de Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920, considered preoccupied by Chapmannia Monticelli, 1893 (Vermes)." (JAJ 2021).


Chlorurania

(Trochilidae; syn. Thalurania Violet-capped Woodnymph T. glaucopis) Gr. χλωρος khlōros  green; genus Thalurania Gould, 1848, woodnymph; "6. Chlorurania, nov. gen. — Diffère du genre Thalurania par le bec à peine plus long que la tête; chez le mâle, les sous-caudales plus courtes, plus consistantes, vertes comme l'abdomen au moins au disque; l'absence de taches scapulaires.  Type: Trochilus glaucopis Gmelin." (Simon 1919); "Chlorurania Simon, Rev. Franc. d'Orn., 6, 1919, p. 53.  Type, by original designation, Trochilus glaucopis Gmelin." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 44).


Emphania

(Phasianidae; syn. Polyplectron Palawan Peacock Pheasant P. napoleonis) Gr. εμφανης emphanēs  conspicuous, notable  < εμφαινω emphainō  to show (cf. specific name Polyplectron emphanum Temminck, 1831 (= syn. Polyplectron napoleonis)); "Genera et Species typicae.   ...   b. Emphania Rchb.  Napoleonis (Polypl. —  Massena) R.  Ic. Av. t. 351 ♂ 1973. —  ♀? Polypl. chalcurum T." (Reichenbach 1853); "Emphania Reichenbach, 1853, Avium Systema Naturale, p. XXIX.  Type, by original designation, Polyplectrum napoleonis Masséna (i.e. Lesson), 1831." (JAJ 2020).


GOLDMANIA

(Trochilidae; Ϯ Violet-capped Hummingbird G. violiceps) Maj. Edward Alphonso Goldman (1873-1946) US Army, zoologist, conservationist; "Since January, 1911, Mr. E. A. Goldman, of the Biological Survey, U. S. Department of Agriculture, has been detailed to the Smithsonian Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone to collect mammals and birds in the Canal Zone and adjacent parts of Panama. The most interesting discovery in his work to date has been a hummingbird representing a beautiful new genus and species. The type came from the higher slopes of the Cerro Azul   ...   GOLDMANIA, new genus.  Type Goldmania violiceps, new species.  Genus named in honor of Mr. E. A. Goldman.  Generic characters.— In general appearance similar to Saucerottea, but under-tail coverts small and very short; the three median ones remarkably specialized, being very narrow at base, broad and strongly decurved distally and very stiff; tenth, or outermost primary, shorter than ninth and abruptly attenuate near tip in adult male; bill longer than head, terete, narrow, slightly expanded basally and nasal operculum overlapping edge of mandible; feathers on tarsus very short, leaving inner side completely exposed.   GOLDMANIA VIOLICEPS, new species  ...  collected by E. A. Goldman, March 23, 1911." (Nelson 1911); "Goldmania Nelson, 1911, Smithson. Misc. Collect. 56 (21): 1.  Type, by original designation, Goldmania violiceps Nelson." (AOU Checklist, 7th ed., 1998, p. 296).


grypania

Gr. γρυπανιον grupanion  old woman  < γρυπανιος grupanios  wrinkled  < γρυπτω gruptō  to become wrinkled (cf. L. grypus  hook-nosed  < Gr. γρυπος grupos  hook-nosed, aquiline  < γρυποομαι grupoomai  to become hooked).


guarania

Güaraní, an Amerindian people of Paraguay, north-eastern Argentina, and southern Brazil.  Their names for birds, much used in ornithology, were brought to light by the works of de Azara.


Hamophania (See: Homophania)
Homophania

(Trochilidae; syn. Coeligena Black Inca C. prunellei) Gr. ὁμος homos  uniform  < ὁμως homōs  alike; φανιον phanion  little torch  < dim. φανος phanos  torch, bright; "Bourcieria BONAP.   ...   * β. Homophania Prunellii (Tr. — BOURC. MULS. 1843.) BP. — Columb. N.-Gran." (Reichenbach 1854); "Bourcieria β Homophania Reichenbach, Journ. f. Orn., 1, 1854, Beil. zu Extrah., p. 10.  Type, by monotypy, Trochilus prunellei Bourcier." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 98).
Var. Hamophania.


Hemistephania

(Trochilidae; syn. Doryfera Green-fronted Lancebill D. ludovicae) Gr. ἡμι- hēmi-  half-, small < ἡμισυς hēmisus  half; στεφανιον stephanion  small crown  < dim. στεφανος stephanos  crown; "d. Heliantheinae.   ...   Helianthea GOULD.   *α. Hemistephania Ludoviciae (Tr. — BOURC. MULS. 1847.) RCHB. — Mex.     — Johannae (Tr. — BOURC. MULS. 1847.) RCHB. — Peru." (Reichenbach 1854); "Hemistephania Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 9.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 140), Trochilus ludovicae Bourcier & Mulsant" (JAJ 2020).


hispaniae
L. Hispania, Hispaniae Spain.

Hypophania

(Trochilidae; syn. Anthracothorax Antillean Mango A. dominicus) Gr. ὑπο hupo  beneath; φανιον phanion  bright  < dim. φανος phanos  light; "c.  Polytminae.   *Anthracothorax   ...   * δ. Hypophania dominica (Tr. — us LINN. 1766.) RCHB. — St. Domingo, Guyana." (Reichenbach 1854); "Anthracothorax δ Hypophania Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft,  Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 11.  Type, by monotypy, Trochilus dominicus Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2020).


IRANIA

(Muscicapidae; Ϯ White-throated Robin I. gutturalis) Iran, formerly Persia; "Irania. n. gen.  Ex Saxicolinis   ...  Irania Finoti. n. sp.  ...  Questa specie porta il nome del Barone Finot, Console di Francia in Tiflis, che ha lasciato nell' animo de' componenti la missione italiana in Persia la più grata ricordanza, tante furono e così vigili e così continue e così schiettamente cordiali le cortesie prodigate a tutti ed a ciascuno durante il nostro soggiorno in quelle capitale delle provincie Russe Transcaucasiche." (de Filippi 1863); "Irania de Filippi, 1863, Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. Genova, 2, p. 380. Type, by monotypy, Irania Finoti de Filippi = Cossypha gutturalis Guérin-Méneville." (Ripley in Peters, 1964, X, p. 73). 


Laniagra

(Vireonidae; syn. Cyclarhis Rufous-browed Peppershrike C. gujanensis) Portmanteau of genera Lanius Linnaeus, 1758, shrike, and Tanagra Linnaeus, 1764, tanager; "LANIADÆ SYLVICOLÆ. Nob.  G[enre]. LANIAGRA. Nob.   1. L. guyanensis, Nob. - (Tanagra guyanensis, Lin., Gmel.)  - Hab. provincia Corrientesensi (republica Argentina et republica Boliviana)" (d'Orbigny & de Lafresnaye 1837); "Laniagra Lafresnaye and d'Orbigny, Syn. Av., 1, in Mag. Zool., 7, cl. 2, p. 9, 1837—type, by monotypy, Tanagra gujanensis Gmelin." (Hellmayr, 1935, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VIII, p. 194).


LANIARIUS

(Malaconotidae; Ϯ Yellow-crowned Gonolek L. barbarus) Genus Lanius Linnaeus, 1758, shrike; "128. GONOLEK, Laniarius.  Lanius, Linn. Gm. Lath.  Bec nu à la base, un peu grêle, convexe en dessus, droit, comprimé; mandibule supérieure échancrée et crochue vers le bout; l'inférieure aiguë et retroussée à la pointe. — Bouche ciliée. — Ailes à penne bâtarde; le deuxe. remige la plus longue.   Esp. Gonolek, Buff." (Vieillot 1816); "Laniarius Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 41. Type, by monotypy, "Gonolek" Buffon = Lanius barbarus Linnaeus." (Rand in Peters, 1960, IX, p. 326).
Var. Lanairius, Lanarius, Lanirius.
Synon. Diplophoneus, Pelecinius, Rhynchastatus, Thamnocataphus.


Lavania

(Trochilidae; syn. Metallura Fire-throated Metaltail M. eupogon) Roman myth. Lavania, another name for Lavinia, daughter of Latinus and Amata, who fled to the woods; "Genre Lavania, MULSANT.   Hedwigae, TACZANOWSKI. — Pérou." (Mulsant 1876); "Lavania Mulsant, 1876, Annales Soc. Linn. Lyon, nouv. sér., XXII (1875), p. 220.  Type, by monotypy, Metallura hedvigae Taczanowski, 1874 (June) = Urolampra eupogon Cabanis, 1874 (January)." (JAJ 2020) (see Lavinia).


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