The Key to Scientific Names

Edited by James A. Jobling
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papa

Late L. papa  pope  < L. papa  father, bishop  < Gr. παπας papas  father.
• "Fringilla Papa m.  ...  Er hält sich gern versteckt, ist äusserst phlegmatischer Natur" (von Kittlitz 1832); an allusion to the phlegmatic, seemingly thoughtful, and fearless nature of this finch, and its crimson cap and face (‡syn. Carpodacus ferreorostris).
• ex “Pape” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 159, fig. 2 (syn. Passerina ciris).
Manuscript name “Vultur papa” of Edwards 1737; "40. VULTUR.  ...  Papa.  3. V. naribus carunculatis, vertice colloque denudato.  Vultur elegans. Edv. av. 2. t. 2.  Vultur. Alb. av. 2. p. 4. t. 4.  Habitat in India occidentali.  Obs. Vultur. Alb. av. 3. p. 1. t. 1. an femina hujus?  Caput & Collum quasi excoriata retrahere potest intra  vaginam cutis plumosæ colli inferioris." (Linnaeus 1758).  This name is the third in avian nomenclature (Sarcoramphus).


Papa

‡ (Fringillidae; syn. Carpodacus  Bonin Island Grosbeak C. ferreorostris) Specific name Fringilla papa von Kittlitz, 1832 (= syn. C. ferreorostris); Reichenbach's 1850, plate LXXIX, labelled Passerinae: Pyrrhulinae genuinae, shows the bulky head and bill of this grosbeak; "Papa Reichenbach, 1850, Avium Systema Naturale, pl. LXXIX (no specific names given).  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 71), Fringilla papa von Kittlitz, 1832 = Coccothraustes ferreorostris Vigors, 1828." (JAJ 2021).


papago
Papago, an Amerindian people of Arizona, USA.

papallactae
Papallacta, Napo, eastern Ecuador.

papamoscas
Portuguese name Papa-moscas for a flycatcher (syn. Muscicapa striata).

papantzin

Papantzin (fl. c. 840), a noble Toltec attributed with the discovery of the fermentation of the alcoholic pulque, which played a major part in the religions of the Toltecs and Aztecs (OD per Mark Brown) (cf. Papantzin (d. 1519) who was said to have risen from the grave to warn her brother, the Aztec Montezuma, of the ruin of his empire) (syn. Eugenes fulgens).


PAPASULA

(Sulidae; Abbott's Booby P. abbotti) Gr. παπας papas  father; genus Sula Brisson 1760, booby; “Our studies of the osteology of the Sulidae confirm the distinctiveness of Sula abbotti and show it to be the primitive sister-group of all the remaining Sulidae.  Because the fossil record shows that the divergence between gannets (Morus) and boobies (Sula sensu stricto) had already taken place by the middle Miocene, some 16 million years ago, we must assume that the divergence between Sula abbotti and the remaining sulids is older still.  ...  We propose the name  Papasula genus nov.   Type species. Sula abbotti Ridgway 1893, the only included species as yet.  ...   Etymology. Greek papas, father, plus sula, the type genus of Sulidae. The name refers both to the patronym of the type species (abbot, from Hebrew, abba, father) and to the fact that this genus represents an ancient lineage in the family.” (Olson & Warheit 1988); "Papasula Olson and Warheit, 1988, Bull. British Ornith. Club, 108 (1), p. 10).  Type, by original designation, Sula abbotti Ridgway, 1893." (JAJ 2020).


papaverina / papaverinus

L. papaver, papaveris  poppy (cf. papavereus  of poppies).


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