The Key to Scientific Names

Edited by James A. Jobling
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(Columbidae; syn. Columbina Croaking Ground Dove C. cruziana) Gr. ευ eu  fine, good; πελεια peleia  dove; "Genus CHÆMEPELIA Swainson.  ...   As characterized by this and most later authors the genus includes six species, but one of these is clearly not congeneric with the others, and before attempting to formulate any intelligible diagnosis of Chæmepelia it becomes necessary to remove it therefrom under the name  EUPELIA genus novum.  Similar to Chæmepelia Swainson, but bill relatively much longer and stouter, with base more turgid, and nostrils wider, more open; feet also somewhat stouter; inner web of seventh primary entire; and lesser coverts with a metallic band. Similar in style of coloration to Columbina Spix (Columbula of authors), but bill and feet stouter and tail relatively shorter and not double rounded.  Type, Columba cruziana Prévost and Knip, which will thus stand as Eupelia cruziana." (Todd 1913); "Columbigallina cruziana (Prévost)...   2 In view of the many points of similarity between this and other members of the genus I cannot see my way clear to recognizing Eupelia Todd; those who wish to maintain that genus on its slight structural divergences must recognize Talpacotia Bonaparte and create a new genus for buckleyi if they wish to be consistent." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 109).


(Columbidae; Ϯ Zebra Dove G. striata) Gr. γεω- geō-  ground-  < γη gē  earth; πελεια peleia  dove; "Geopelia, Sw.  Size small.  Wings short, rounded; the first three quills graduated, the first generally narrowed towards the tip.  Tail lengthened, graduated, obtuse.  Hinder toe shorter than the tarsus.   India.   The tenuirostral type.   G. lineata. Mus. Carl. pl. 67." (Swainson 1837); "Geopelia Swainson, Classif. Bds., 2, 1837, p. 348. Type, by monotypy, Geopelia lineata Mus. Carl. pl. 67 = Columba striata Linné.  ...  Geopelia striata striata (Linné)  Columba striata Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 1, 1766, p. 282. (East Indies, restricted type locality Java.)...  2 It has been claimed that Columba sinica Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 164, based entirely on the Chinese Dove of Albin, p. 43, pl. 46, is an earlier name for this bird; in my opinion there are too many discrepancies in Albin's description to permit it to be used with any degree of certainty as the basis for this or any other dove." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 100).
Var. Geopeleia, Geopilia.
Synon. Chrysauchoena, Erythrauchaena, Stictopeleia, Tomopeleia.


(Columbidae; syn. Metriopelia Bare-faced Ground Dove M. ceciliae) Gr. γυμνος gumnos  bare, naked; πελεια peleia  dove; "VII.- GYMNOPELIA, gen. nov. p. 133.  Habitus Chamæpeliæ, sed orbitis nudis dignoscenda.  Typus, G. ERYTHROTHORAX, i.e. Columba erythrothorax, Meyen, Nov. Act. Acad. Leopold. Car. xvii, Suppl. p. 98. t. xvi.: Columba anais, Lesson" (P. Sclater & Salvin 1873); "Gymnopelia Sclater and Salvin, Nomencl. Av. Neotr., pp. 133, 156, 1873—type, by orig. desig., Columba erythrothorax Meyen = Columba (Chamoepelia) ceciliae Lesson." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1942, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (1), p. 510).


(Columbidae; syn. Nesoenas Madagascan Turtle Dove N. picturata) Gr. ὁμος homos  uniform; πελεια peleia  dove; "Key to the Subgenera  ...  b''. Upper wing-coverts not mottled, but uniform. . . .β. HOMOPELIA  ...  β. HOMOPELIA.  Homopelia, Salvad. MS. . . . Type T. picturatus" (Salvadori 1893); "Homopelia Salvadori, 1893, Cat. Birds British Museum, XXI, p. 409.  Type, by original designation, T. picturatus, i.e. Columba picturata Temminck, 1813." (JAJ 2021).


Keppel I. / Niuatoputapu, Tonga.


(Columbidae; syn. Columbina Ruddy Ground Dove C. talpacoti) Gr. λεπτος leptos  delicate, slender; πελεια peleia  dove; "Genus Leptopelia Heine [Talpacotia (!) Bp. 1854]" (Heine 1890); "Leptopelia Heine, in Heine and Reichenow, 1890, Nomencl. Musei Heineani Ornith., p. 283.  New name for Talpacotia Bonaparte, 1854, considered barbarous because of its vernacular roots." (JAJ 2020)..


(Pelecanidae; syn. Pelecanus Brown Pelican P. occidentalis) Gr. λεπτος leptos delicate, slender; genus Pelecanus Linnaeus, 1758, pelican; "Genera et Species typicæ.  ...  2. Leptopelicanus RCHB.  fuscus (Pel. — L. Gm.) R.  Ic. Av. t. 70. ic. 382—383." (Reichenbach 1853); "Leptopelicanus Reichenbach, 1853, Avium Systema Naturale, p. VII.  Type, by original designation, Pelecanus fuscus J. Gmelin, 1789 = Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2020).


(Columbidae; syn. Goura Western Crowned Pigeon G. cristata) Gr. μεγας megas, μεγαλη  megalē  great; πελεια peleia  dove; "Riesentaube. Megapelia. (Lophyrus, Vieill.)   Mit großen ungeschilderten Füßen, ziemlich langem dünnem Schnabel und einem von der Seite zusammengedrückten Federbusch.   Man kennt nur eine Art, die in ihren Sitten nicht von den Tauben abweicht.    Gekrönte Riesentaube. Columba coronata.  Sie erreicht eine ungeheure Größe und gleicht hierin einem starken Hahn." (Kaup 1836); "Megapelia Kaup, 1836, Das Thierreich, II (1), p. 47.  Alternative name for Lophyrus Vieillot, 1816 (perhaps this pigeon's large, chicken-like size was considered more worthy of commemoration than its crest) (Columba coronata Linnaeus, 1766 = Columba cristata Pallas, 1764)." (JAJ 2021).


(Columbidae; syn. Zenaida West Peruvian Dove Z. meloda) Gr. μελος melos  song; πελεια peleia  dove; "C'est aux dépens de mon genre Zenaida que j'ai fondé le neuvième MELOPELIA avec deux grandes espèces à orbites dénudées, à queue longue et large, à peine arrondie à l'extrémité; à rectrices dilatées: l'une est Col. leucoptera, L. (trudeaui, Audubon), des Antilles, du Texas et du Mexique; l'autre est la meloda, Tschudi, dont souleyetiana, Gay, ne diffère pas; elle ne se trouve que le long de la côte occidentale de l'Amérique méridionale, mais sur une grande étendue de pays." (Bonaparte 1855 (Comptes Rend.)); "*70. Melopelia, Bp. (Zenaida part. Gr.) Cauda elongata, vix rotundata: orbitae valde denudatae.    Am.  2.   1. COLUMBA leucoptera, L.   ...   2. COLUMBA meloda, Tschudi." (Bonaparte 1855 (Conspectus));  "Melopelia Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 40, No. 3, p. 98, for Jan. 15, 1855—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., p. 100, after Apr. 6, 1855), Columba meloda Tschudi." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1942, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (1), p. 495).
Var. Melopeleia.


(Columbidae; Ϯ Black-winged Ground Dove M. melanoptera) Gr. μετριος metrios  modest  < μετρον metron  measure; πελεια peleia  dove; "La simplicité du plumage nous a suggéré le nom du quatrième genre METRIOPELIA Bp., qui contient six espèces d'un brun plus ou moins gris; à bec grêle, à pieds faibles vu la famille dont il fait partie, à ailes longues quoique arrondies, à rémiges aiguës, les extérieures échancrées en dehors, dont la première, allongée, égale la cinquième, les deuxième et troisième étant les plus longues: la queue courte, presque carrée, à rectrices larges.   1. Col. melanoptera, Gm. (nom mal appliqué par Temminck), ou du moins l'oiseau de Molina que nous ne croyons pas différent de C. boliviana, Orb., à épaulettes blanches, en est pour nous le type.   2. C. aymara, Orb., de Bolivie  ...   3. Il est impossible de ne pas en voir une troisième dans la Chamæpelia anais, Lesson  ...   4. C. inornata, Gr., nouvelle espèce du Brésil  ...   5. C. erythrothorax, Meyen, qu'il ne faut pas confondre avec celle de Temminck. C'est la C. monticola, Tschudi, non celle de Vieillot  ...  Elle est propre au Pérou.   6. La prétendue Zenaida plumbea, Gosse, de la Jamaïque" (Bonaparte 1855 (Comptes Rend.)); "*66. Metriopelia, Bp.  (Columbina, Zenaida et Chamaepelia part. Gr.)  Rostrum gracillimum, subincurvum, nigrum; orbitae nudae: pedes debiles: alae elongatae, rotundatae; remigibus acutis, prima quintam aequante, secunda et tertia longissimis: cauda subaequalis, rectricibus latis.    Am. m.  5.   1. COLUMBA melanoptera, Gm. ex Molina, nec Temm.   ...   2. COLUMBA aymara, Orb.   ...   3. CHAMAEPELIA anais, Less.   ...   *4. COLUMBINA inornata, Gr.   ...   5. ZENAIDA? plumbea, Goss." (Bonaparte 1855 (Conspectus)); "Metriopelia Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 40, 1855, p. 23.  Type, by original designation, Columba melanoptera Gmelin = Columba melanoptera Molina." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 102).
Var. Metriopeleia.
Synon. Gymnopelia, Leptophaps.


(Columbidae; syn. Scardafella Scaled Dove S. squammata) Gr. μικρος mikros  small; πελεια peleia  dove; "Genus Micropelia Heine [Scardafella (!) Bp. 1854]" (Heine 1890); "Micropelia Heine, in Heine and Reichenow, 1890, Nomencl. Musei Heineani Ornith., p. 283.  New name for Scardafella Bonaparte, 1854, considered barbarous because of its vernacular roots." (JAJ 2020).


(Columbidae; syn. Zenaida  Galápagos Dove Z. galapagoensis) Gr. νησος nēsos  island (= Galápagos Is.); πελεια peleia  dove; "Nesopelia n. g. (Zenaida gallapagensis Gould, Bp.), sp.minor, rostro longiore, paullum deflexo, tenui; ala longa pennis cubiti brevibus (anticæ mediam alam vix excedunt!); cauda brevi, rotundata; pedibus fortibus. Color fuscescens, alis scapulisque longit. nigro alboque variis. A Zenaidis Columbisque reliquis omnibus bene distincta.  (Nησος, insula)." (Sundevall 1873); "Nesopelia Sundevall, Met. Nat. Av. Disp. Tent., 1873, p. 99.  Type, by monotypy, Zenaida gallapagensis Gould, Bp. = Zenaida galapagoensis Gould." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 88).


(Columbidae; syn. Streptopelia Red Turtle Dove S. tranquebarica) Gr. οινωπος oinōpos  ruddy (cf. οινοψ oinops  wine-red, deep-red); πελεια peleia  dove; "Genus ŒNOPOPELIA, nov.   The little ruddy Ring-Dove is distinguished from all other species by its long wing, with the first primary nearly or quite equal to the second, and by having the sexes dissimilar in plumage. Two species are generally attributed to this group, but I cannot see that they are sufficiently distinct to deserve separation.   1311. Œnopopelia tranquebaricaThe Red Turtle-Dove" (Blanford 1898); " Œnopopelia Blanford, Fauna Brit. Ind., Bds., 4, 1898, p. 28 (in key), p. 47.  Type, by monotypy, Columba tranquebarica Hermann." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 88).
Var. Onopopelia.

Oreopelia (See: Oreopeleia)

(Columbidae; syn. Geotrygon Ruddy Quail Dove G. montana martinica) Gr. ορος oros, ορεος oreos  mountain (i.e. mountains of Martinique); πελεια peleia  dove; "Genera et Species typicae.  ...  δ. *Oreopeleia Rchb.  martinicana (Col. — Briss.)  Ic. Av. t. 257. ic. 1431—32. t. 257b. ic. 3382. t. 224. ic. 1259. t. 258. ic. 1439. t. 266. ic. 2882—83." (Reichenbach 1853); "Oreopeleia Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat., 1852 (1853), p. xxv. Type, by original designation, Columba martinicana Brisson = Columba martinica Linné." (Peters, 1938, III, p. 128).
Var. Oropeleia, Oropelia, Oreopelia.


(Columbidae; syn. Columbina Blue-eyed Ground Dove C. cyanopis) Gr. οξυς oxus  sharp, pointed; πελεια peleia  dove; "Key to the Genera.  ...   b'. First primary sharply attenuated at the tip.  c''. Tail longer than the wing. . . . . . . 12. OXYPELIA, p. 490.  ...   12. OXYPELIA.  Oxypelia, Salvad. . . . . . . . . Type. O. cyanopis." (Salvadori 1893); "Oxypelia Salvadori, 1893, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., XXI, p. 490.  Type, by original designation, O. cyanopis, i.e. Peristera cyanopis von Pelzeln, 1870." (JAJ 2021).
Var. Oxypelua.


Hendrik Severinus Pel (1818-1876) Gov. of Dutch Gold Coast 1840-1850, naturalist, taxidermist (Gymnobucco, syn. Nicator chloris, syn. Peliperdix lathami, Scotopelia (ex “Strix peli” of Temminck MS)).

Pelicanopus (See: Pelecanopus)

(Laridae; syn. Thalasseus Greater Crested Tern T. bergii) Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "Genus Pelecanopus Wagl., Scharbenschwalbe.  (Genus novum.)   Wesentliches äußeres Kennzeichen: pollex interno-transversalis, cum digito indice palama ut in Halieis et Pelecanis connexus.   Hierher: Sterna pelecanoïdes King Voy. to New. Holland. Appendix." (Wagler 1832); "Pelecanopus Wagler, 1832, Isis von Oken, Heft III, col. 277.  Type, by monotypy, Sterna pelecanoïdes King, 1827 = Sterna bergii Lichtenstein, 1823." (JAJ 2020).
Var. Pelicanopus, Pelanopus.


Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican.
• (Fregatidaesyn. Fregata Ascension Frigatebird F. aquila) Considered by some to be a lapsus or deliberate amendment of Pelecanus Linnaeus, 1758; "197. PELICANUS.  Tail forked.  P. aquilus, or Frigatebird." (Fleming 1822); "Pelicanus Fleming, 1822, Philosophy of Zoology, II, p. 259.  Type, by monotypy, P. aquilus, i.e. Pelecanus aquilus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
• see  Pelecanus 


• (Malaconotidae; syn. Laniarius Yellow-crowned Gonolek L. barbarus) Gr. πηληξ pēlēx, πηληκος pēlēkos  helmet, crest; "Fam. Myiotheridae  ...  Pelicinius: Lanius barbarus Gm. u.s.w." (Boie 1826); "Pelicinius Boie, 1826, Isis von Oken, col. 973.  Type, by virtual monotypy, Lanius barbarus Gm., i.e. Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2021).
• (Malaconotidae; syn. Telophorus  Bokmakierie T. zeylonus) "XVI. PELICINIUS, Boie.  (Laniarius, pt., Gadow, Cat. B. Brit. Mus. viii. p. 150, 1883.)  [Cf. Shelley, Ibis, 1896, pp. 234-236.]   1. gutturalis (P. L. S. Müll.). (p. 162.)  S. Africa (Cape Colony to Natal, and N. to Benguela)" (Sharpe 1903); "GENUS TELOPHORUS SWAINSON ...  1 Includes Pelicinius as used in Sharpe's "Hand-list", but properly Pelicinius Boie, 1826.  Type L. barbarus, is a synonym of Laniarius" (Mayr & Greenway in Peters, 1960, IX, p. 333).


(Scolopacidae; syn. Calidris Dunlin C. alpina) Gr. πελιδνος pelidnos  livid  < πελιος pelios  bruised, black and blue; "LES ALOUETTES DE MER. (PELIDNA. Cuv.)  Ne sont que de petites maubèches à bec un peu plus long que la tête et dont les pieds n'ont ni bordures ni palmures. Elles ressemblent aux alouettes par la taille et par les couleurs et volent en troupes le long des bords de la mer, où elles forment un bon gibier. Elles déposent leurs œufs sur le sable.   L'Alouette de mer ordinaire. (Tringa cinclus. L.) Enl. 851, et Scol. subarcuata. Gm.  ...  Πελιδνος, fuscus." (Cuvier 1816); "Pelidna CUVIER, Règne Animal, I, 1817, 490,  Type, by subs. desig., Tringa cinclus LINNÆUS, 1766 = Tringa alpina LINNÆUS, 1758 (Gray, 1840)." (AOU Check-List, ed. 3, 1910, 115); "Pelidna Cuvier, Règne Anim., 1, p. 490, "1817" (= Dec. 7, 1816)—type, by monotypy,2 Tringa cinclus Linnaeus = Tringa alpina Linnaeus  ...  2 The two "species" listed by Cuvier are both referable to Tringa alpina." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (3), p. 179).
Var. PelinoxPeldina, Melidra.

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