Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus

Kylie G. Roberts, Jessica C. Patton, Zishan A. Mahmood, Brandon D. Alarcon, Josep del Hoyo, Peter F. D. Boesman, and Ernest Garcia
Version: 2.0 — Published May 21, 2020


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Breeding season in Argentina and Chile was reported to be from December to February (Lee et al. 2011).

First Brood

At one site in Bolivia, nests with eggs and chicks were found in late January (3).

Nest Site

Site Characteristics

Birds breed in colonies found at salt lake environments located high in the Andes of South America. At one colony in northern Bolivia, nests were found on an island in the middle of a salt lake described as a “salt-bluff” (3).


Structure and Composition

Nests are in the standard flamingo form, consisting of cone-shaped mounds of mud placed on the ground.


Nests have a diameter of 45-50 cm at the base, 28-30 cm at the rim, and are about 10 cm in height (3).



Eggs are relatively long and narrow compared to other sympatric flamingos.


Measurements from one colony found that mean size was 84.7 x 54.3 mm, with a range of 80.9-90.9 mm x 52.8-57.2 mm (n = 13; 3).

Clutch Size

Clutch one egg.


Incubation Period

The length of incubation is about 28 days.

Recommended Citation

Roberts, K. G., J. C. Patton, Z. A. Mahmood, B. D. Alarcon, J. del Hoyo, P. F. D. Boesman, and E.F.J. Garcia (2020). Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, B. K. Keeney, and S. M. Billerman, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.andfla2.02