Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus

Kylie G. Roberts, Jessica C. Patton, Zishan A. Mahmood, Brandon D. Alarcon, Josep del Hoyo, Peter F. D. Boesman, and Ernest Garcia
Version: 2.0 — Published May 21, 2020

Conservation and Management

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Conservation Status

The IUCN Red List conservation status of Andean Flamingo is assessed as Vulnerable. Although the population trend is thought to be stable, the population is believed to have declined significantly in recent decades. Global population estimates from the 1970s and 1980s were of 50,000 to 100,000 (sources cited by 26), or even 150,000 individuals (11), but these early figures later were judged to have been only "very crude estimates" (27), perhaps casting some doubt on the severity of the population decline. A comprehensive survey in January 1997 detected only 33,927 Andean Flamingos (26, 27, 6), and this number seems to have remained stable in following years, as a census in 2010 tallied 38,675 individuals (28).

Effects of Human Activity

Human activity has both directly and indirectly affected populations of Andean Flamingo. Eggs are harvested for food by local communities (3, 29), and this species also is subject to at least some pressure from hunting (27, 29).

Currently the primary threats to Andean Flamingo mining and quarrying activities, agriculture, and aquaculture, all of which have detrimental effects on habitat quality at the high elevation wetlands used by flamingos (see sources cited by 6, also 29). These disruptions are significant to this species, since they live long and reproduce slowly; as a result, there has been significant declines in successful reproduction, with low numbers of juvenile flamingos in flocks at survey sites, and declines since the 1980s (6).

Recommended Citation

Roberts, K. G., J. C. Patton, Z. A. Mahmood, B. D. Alarcon, J. del Hoyo, P. F. D. Boesman, and E.F.J. Garcia (2020). Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, B. K. Keeney, and S. M. Billerman, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.andfla2.02