Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus

Kylie G. Roberts, Jessica C. Patton, Zishan A. Mahmood, Brandon D. Alarcon, Josep del Hoyo, Peter F. D. Boesman, and Ernest Garcia
Version: 2.0 — Published May 21, 2020


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Andean Flamingo occurs in the high Andes of west central South America, in Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina (10, 5, 11).

Breeding Range

Breeding is concentrated in northern Chile, extreme southwestern Bolivia, and northwestern Argentina, at elevations from 3,000 m to above 4,000 m; surveys in the austral summer of 1997 and 1998, for example, found that half of the population was breeding at just five sites, in northern Chile and adjacent Bolivia and Argentina (6).

Nonbreeding Range

During the nonbreeding season, some birds remain around the same wetlands where they bred, but others move to lower elevation wetlands and lakes, including east to the central plains of Argentina (5, 12, 6), and also north through the Andes to southern Peru (north to Salinas, Arequipa, and Parinacocha, Ayacucho; 11).

Extralimital Records

Vagrant as far north as Conococha in central Peru (11), to the coast of Peru (13) and northern Chile, to Amazonian Brazil (14), to southern Argentina, and to coastal southern Brazil (15).

Historical Changes to the Distribution

None described.

Distribution of the Andean Flamingo
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Andean Flamingo

Recommended Citation

Roberts, K. G., J. C. Patton, Z. A. Mahmood, B. D. Alarcon, J. del Hoyo, P. F. D. Boesman, and E.F.J. Garcia (2020). Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, B. K. Keeney, and S. M. Billerman, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.andfla2.02