SPECIES

Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus

Kylie G. Roberts, Jessica C. Patton, Zishan A. Mahmood, Brandon D. Alarcon, Josep del Hoyo, Peter F. D. Boesman, and Ernest Garcia
Version: 2.0 — Published May 21, 2020

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Nonbreeding adult
Breeding adult
Adult
Immature
Breeding adult
James's Flamingo (left) and Andean Flamingos (center and right).

Andean Flamingo is larger with yellow legs. James’s Flamingo has brick red legs. James’s Flamingo also has a largely yellow bill; only the base of the bill is yellow in Andean.

James's Flamingo and Andean Flamingos in flight.
Chilean Flamingo (front right) and Andean Flamingo (front center).

Compare the two adult flamingoes in the front. The Andean Flamingo is larger with yellow legs, while the Chilean Flamingo has grayish-yellow legs and conspicuous pink joints.

Juvenile Andean Flamingo.

Overall uniformly pale gray, often appearing duskier on the head and neck.

Juvenile Andean Flamingos.

Coverts and scapulars can have darker brown centers, appearing as streaking on some individuals. Primaries are black.

Juvenile Andean Flamingos.
Adult Andean Flamingo.

Head and upper neck may be a brighter pink than the rest of the body, which can appear almost white with only a pale pink wash. Primaries and secondaries black, which when wings are folded, appear as bold black triangle that is not obscured by other feathers.

Adult Andean Flamingo.

Overall pale pink, with the feathers on the lower neck and chest being much brighter pink.

Adult Andean Flamingo in flight (ventral view).
Adult Andean Flamingo in flight (dorsal view).
Detail of Andean Flamingo head.

Bill is black towards distall end, with base pale yellow. Maxilla often with pale peach coloration, especially between the black portion of the bill and the nares, which can also extend onto the mandible. Iris is dark brown. Bare skin around the base of the bill and around the eye a deep burgundy to wine red.

Example habitat: Potosí, Bolivia.
Example habitat: Potosí, Bolivia.
Example habitat: Potosí, Bolivia.
Example habitat: Oruro, Bolivia.
Example habitat: Tarapacá, Chile.
Example habitat: Arica y Parinacota, Chile.
Example habitat: Antofagasta, Chile.
Example habitat: Antofagasta, Chile.
Example habitat: Catamarca, Argentina.
Andean Flamingo feeding.
Andean Flamingo feeding.
Andean Flamingos interacting.

Territorial interaction between adults.

Andean Flamingos interacting.

Territorial interaction between adults.

Andean Flamingo locomotory display.

Marching and Parading displays often involve many birds.

Recommended Citation

Roberts, K. G., J. C. Patton, Z. A. Mahmood, B. D. Alarcon, J. del Hoyo, P. F. D. Boesman, and E.F.J. Garcia (2020). Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, B. K. Keeney, and S. M. Billerman, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.andfla2.02