Andean Flamingo Phoenicoparrus andinus
Version: 2.0 — Published May 21, 2020
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A recent study that reconstructed the phylogeny of flamingos using DNA sequence data found that Andean Flamingo is sister to James’s Flamingo, and together constitute the genus Phoenicoparrus (8). These two species appear to be sister to the Old World Lesser Flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor). These three species form a well-supported clade that is sister to the remaining three species of flamingo in the genus Phoenicopterus (8).
Fossils attributed to Andean Flamingo have been found at the Salar de Atacama border and roughly date to the Early Formative period, approximately 3,000 to 2,200 BP (9). These fossils date to a period consistent with the onset of modern climate conditions that the species now inhabits (9).