Species names in all available languages
|English (United States)||Bald Eagle|
|French||Pygargue à tête blanche|
|French (French Guiana)||Pygargue à tête blanche|
|Lithuanian||Baltagalvis jūrinis erelis|
|Romanian||Codalb cu cap alb|
|Serbian||Beloglavi belorepan (beloglavi orao)|
|Spanish (Cuba)||Aguila calva|
|Spanish (Mexico)||Águila Cabeza Blanca|
|Spanish (Puerto Rico)||Águila Calva|
|Spanish (Spain)||Pigargo americano|
|Turkish||Ak Başlı Kartal|
David A. Buehler revised the text, with contributions by Peter Pyle on the "Plumages, Molts, and Structure" page, Guy M. Kirwan on the "Systematics" page, and Andrew J. Spencer on the "Sounds and Vocal Behaviors" page. Steven G. Mlodinow edited and copy edited the account. Claire Walter also copy edited the account. Rachel E. Post and Qwahn Kent managed the references. August Davidson-Onsgard and Arnau Bonan Barfull curated the media. Ricardo Cruz updated the distribution map.
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766)
- leucocephala / leucocephalos / leucocephalus
The Key to Scientific Names
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Scientific name definitions
Version: 2.0 — Published October 7, 2022
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Priorities for Future Research
The Bald Eagle is among the most studied North American bird species, with more than 2,000 published articles as of 1979 (440), and probably more than 750 articles since 1979. Basic life history has been well documented, especially by observations on reproduction by pioneering studies of Herrick (209, 151, 225, 148). Other excellent modern accounts on life history and management were written by Stalmaster (18) and Gerrard and Bortolotti (266). A comprehensive review was published by Palmer et al. (1).
Populations have been monitored extensively across much of this species' range since 1980, especially in the 48 contiguous United States. Contemporary monitoring and population estimation approaches that include multiple data sources (e.g., traditional nest monitoring, aerial random plot surveys, eBird records, banding data) have led to rigorous estimates (309, 109). Continued periodic population monitoring (population size and trend) is warranted. Additional research/monitoring is needed in populations that remain extremely low (e.g., Mexico, Arizona, southern California) to foster sustainable populations. Periodic monitoring of environmental contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals) and the effects of disease outbreaks, such as avian influenza, are warranted because poisoning represents one of the most significant threats to reproduction and survival, and disease outbreaks may ultimately limit populations.