SPECIES

Black Scoter Melanitta americana

Daniel Bordage and Jean-Pierre L. Savard
Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020
Text last updated July 29, 2011

Revision History

Birds of the World

Authors

Daniel Bordage and Jean-Pierre L. Savard

Recommended Citation

Bordage, D. and J. L. Savard (2020). Black Scoter (Melanitta americana), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.blksco2.01


Birds of North America

  • Version  2.0

  • Revision
  • July 29, 2011
  • Black Scoter Melanitta americana

Authors

Daniel Bordage and Jean-Pierre L. Savard

Revisors

Daniel Bordage and Jean-Pierre L. Savard

Recommended Citation

Bordage, D. and J. L. Savard (2011). Black Scoter (Melanitta americana), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.177


Handbook of the Birds of the World

Authors

Josep del Hoyo, Nigel Collar, and Guy M. Kirwan

Recommended Citation

del Hoyo, J., N. Collar, and G. M. Kirwan (2016). Black Scoter (Melanitta americana). In Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Recommended Citation

Bordage, D. and J. L. Savard (2020). Black Scoter (Melanitta americana), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.blksco2.01