Bahama Nuthatch Sitta insularis Scientific name definitions

Steven G. Mlodinow, Peter F. D. Boesman, Gary L. Slater, John D. Lloyd, James H. Withgott, and Kimberly G. Smith
Version: 1.0 — Published September 17, 2021

Conservation and Management

Effects of Human Activity

See Population Status above.


Conservation Status

Critically endangered, perhaps extinct.

Measures Proposed And Taken

If the Bahama Nuthatch still survives, large tracts of mature, fire-maintained forest must be preserved, as significant fragmentation degrades the ecosystem (1, 74). As seemingly suitable habitat remained when there was more than a handful of Bahama Nuthatches extant (26), either our understanding of what constitutes suitable habitat is lacking or other factors are limiting the population. Determining what defines proper habitat for the Bahama Nuthatch would be critical in preserving the species (if it still exists) as would be discerning other factors that limit nuthatch numbers. Undoubtedly, programs to limit (or eliminate) introduced predators (see Predation), especially in mature pine woods, would be beneficial as would be eliminating (or limiting) the number of European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) and House Sparrow (Passer domesticus), which are potential competitors for nest sites. If any Bahama Nuthatches remain, and their location can not be protected, translocation to apparently suitable habitat on public land should be undertaken (1) as has been successful in the Brown-headed Nuthatch, Sitta pusilla (11). Education of the public, local businesses, and members of the Bahamian government would be critical to the success of any plan being successful.

Effectiveness Of Measures

No measures taken to date.

Recommended Citation

Mlodinow, S. G., P. F. D. Boesman, G. L. Slater, J. D. Lloyd, J. H. Withgott, and K. G. Smith (2021). Bahama Nuthatch (Sitta insularis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (B. K. Keeney, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.bnhnut2.01