Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus Scientific name definitions

Stephen Debus, Tim S. David, Jeffrey S. Marks, and Guy M. Kirwan
Version: 1.2 — Published October 1, 2021

Demography and Populations

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Measures of Breeding Activity

Six of eight nests followed in India contained two chicks, and one each contained one and three chicks (33). Usually one young raised to fledging, sometimes two, occasionally three; of six recorded nests, three successful (each producing one young). In Bangladesh, 63.33% success for eggs hatched. Age at first breeding unknown but probably at least two years.

Population Status

Common to abundant and widespread in some tropical areas, where often benefits from human activity. Range contracting northward in eastern Australia, where eggshell thickness significantly reduced by DDT use (now ceased), and population affected by habitat disturbance. Has undergone dramatic decline throughout Java, with several possible causes: excessive use of pesticides; hunting pressure for taxidermic mounts; collection of nestlings for sale in markets; loss of nesting habitat; and perhaps decreased food availability, with improved urban hygiene (34). Also declining in non-coastal parts of Thailand , while there are apparently few records in China during the present century (35). Global population unknown but thought to exceed 100,000 individuals (11).

Recommended Citation

Debus, S., T. S. David, J. S. Marks, and G. M. Kirwan (2021). Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus), version 1.2. In Birds of the World (P. Pyle, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.brakit1.01.2