Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis

Len R. Reitsma, Michael T. Hallworth, Marissa McMahon, and Courtney J. Conway
Version: 2.0 — Published May 7, 2020


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Lloyd Kiff, Sam Sumida, the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology, and The Peregrine Fund provided egg measurements and nest record cards. Sandra Gaunt and the Borror Lab of Bioacoustics prepared the song spectrograms. Jim Lowe and Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, Nest Record Program of Bird Population Studies, A. J. Erskine and the Maritimes Nest Records Scheme of Environment Canada, M. Gosselin and the Qu├ębec Nest Record Scheme of the Canadian Museum of Nature, and George Peck and the Royal Ontario Museum provided nest records. Janet Hinshaw provided literature searches and xeroxed articles.

Robin Panza of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Brad Millen of the Royal Ontario Museum, Richard Puttenham of the Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature, Tom Lebedz of the University of Nebraska State Museum, Lori Leirdahl of the Science Museum of Minnesota, Charles Dardia of the Cornell Museum, David Bohlen of the Illinois State Museum, John Gerwin of North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Myke Chutter, Sara Morris, Frank Moore, and David Cimprich provided unpublished morphological data. Junior Tremblay provided information on habitat use and fall departures from Quebec. Amelie Roberto-Charron provided details on migration routes and timing from across the breeding range. The Mascoma Watershed Conservation Council and the Town of Canaan, New Hampshire provided access for longer term population study by Len Reitsma and colleagues. Phred Benham provided data from an overwintering site in Ecuador. Don Kroodsma, Alan Poole, Keith Russell, Phred Benham and Paul Rodewald provided helpful reviews and comments that improved the account.

Recommended Citation

Reitsma, L. R., M. T. Hallworth, M. McMahon, and C. J. Conway (2020). Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.canwar.02