SPECIES

Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis

Len R. Reitsma, Michael T. Hallworth, Marissa McMahon, and Courtney J. Conway
Version: 2.0 — Published May 7, 2020

Tables and Appendices

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Table 1

Linear measurements (mm) and mass (g) of Canada Warblers. Data shown as mean ± SD (range). Males larger than females for each measurement (p < 0.001).

  • (1)Adult, Alternate plumage (Rappole 1983).
  • (2)Adult, Basic plumage (Rappole 1983).
  • (3)Immature, Basic plumage (Rappole 1983).
  • (4)Migration (Dunning 1993b).
  • (5)Fall migration (S. R. Morris pers. comm.).
  • (6)After-hatch-year (AHY) fall migrants (Illinois state museum).
  • (7)Hatch-year (HY) fall migrants (Illinois state museum).
  • (8)AHY fall migrants (F. Moore and D. Cimprich pers. comm.).
  • (9)HY fall migrants (F. Moore and D. Cimprich pers. comm.).
  • (10)AHY breeders (N. Carolina State Museum); n = 5 for mass.

LocationnWing (mm)Tarsus (mm)Mass (g)
Male
Range-wide(1)6564.2 ± 1.5 (60-67)
Range-wide(2)765.2 ± 1.4 (62.8-67.2)
Range-wide(3)1964.8 ± 1.1 (63-67)
Range-wide(4)30910.6 ± 0.3 (8.7-13.5)
Maine(5)31463.5 ± 1.8 (53-69.5)18.7 ± 0.7 (16.4-20.4)10.3 ± 0.8 (8.2-12.9)
Illinois(7)1312.5 ± 1.3 (10.4-14)
Alabama(9)1963.1 ± 1.6 (59-66)18.8 ± 0.8 (16.9-20.0)12.1 ± 1.4 (9.9-15.5)
N. Carolina(10)865.418.710.2 ± 1.6 (10.8-16.3)
Female
Range-wide(1)1861 ± 1.2 (59-65)
Range-wide(2)1062 ± 1.3 (59-64)
Range-wide(3)2262.1 ± 2.0 (58-66)
Range-wide(4)26310.2 ± 0.4 (9.1-12.6)
Maine(5)39260.8 ± 1.5 (52-66)18.5 ± 0.7 (16.5-20.5)9.7 ± 0.8 (7.9-14.5)
Illinois(6)1011.2 ± 0.9 (9.8-12.3)
Illinois(7)1011.6 ± 1.8 (8.6-14.3)
Alabama(8)1461.1 ± 1.5 (59-64)18.4 ± 0.4 (17.5-19.1)11.2 ± 1.0 (8.2-12.3)
Alabama(9)5061.3 ± 1.6 (58-65)18.7 ± 0.8 (16.8-20.3)10.9 ± 1.3 (8.3-13.1)


Recommended Citation

Reitsma, L. R., M. T. Hallworth, M. McMahon, and C. J. Conway (2020). Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.canwar.02