Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus Scientific name definitions

Stephanie L. Jones, Joseph Scott Dieni, Nathanial B. Warning, David Leatherman, Lorraine Dargis, and Lauryn Benedict
Version: 2.0 — Published January 6, 2023



Year-Round Range

Localized resident in western North America, extending north to south-central British Columbia in the Okanagan Valley (43), western and southern Idaho (44), and northwestern and southern Montana (45); extends east to east-central Wyoming (46) and the Black Hills of southwestern South Dakota (47) and northeastern Wyoming (46), central and southeastern Colorado (48), Cimarron County and southwestern Oklahoma (49, 50), and the Edwards Plateau of west-central Texas (51); extends south through the mountains and adjacent slopes of interior Mexico from Sonora and Nuevo León south to Oaxaca, with disjunct population in Chiapas (52, 53, 9); in Veracruz and Chiapas, it extends into humid lowland areas (54).

Resident west to eastern slope of the Cascade Range in Oregon and Washington (rare and sporadic in summer in Rogue Valley, southwestern Oregon) (55). Northern California from Oregon border south through the Klamath Mountain region of Del Norte, Humboldt, Siskiyou, and Trinity counties, from southeastern Mendecino and Lake counties south to Sonoma, Napa, and Yolo counties, disjunctly in Central Valley in Sutter County (56), and from San Francisco County south through the mountains of southern California (57, 56) through Baja California (9). Generally absent from the Pacific Coast north of Monterey County and lower elevations of eastern and southeastern deserts in California (56).

Occurs on offshore islands of San Ildelfonso and Espiritu Santo, Isla Tiburon (off Sonora), Mexico, and Santa Cruz Island (off southern California) and Los Coronados Island (off Baja California).

During winter, distribution generally similar to breeding season. Resident, although individuals may make short seasonal movements (see Migration).

Extralimital Records

Few. No reports east of the Missouri River in the United States or north of Kamloops (Lac Du Bois Grasslands Protected Area) and Lillooet, British Columbia, Canada. In Mexico, reported as far south as Cañon del Sumidero and Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas. No records from Guatemala (9, eBird 2023).

Historical Changes to the Distribution

Information needed.

Distribution of the Canyon Wren - Range Map
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Canyon Wren
Canyon Wren, Abundance map
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Data provided by eBird

Canyon Wren

Catherpes mexicanus


Relative abundance is depicted for each season along a color gradient from a light color indicating lower relative abundance to a dark color indicating a higher relative abundance. Relative abundance is the estimated average count of individuals detected by an eBirder during a 1 hour, 1 kilometer traveling checklist at the optimal time of day for each species.   Learn more about this data

Relative abundance

Recommended Citation

Jones, S. L., J. S. Dieni, N. B. Warning, D. Leatherman, L. Dargis, and L. Benedict (2023). Canyon Wren (Catherpes mexicanus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.canwre.02