Media not available

Chatham Islands Rail Gallirallus modestus Scientific name definitions

Authors not available
Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020
Text last updated January 1, 2014

Sign in to see your badges

Welcome to Birds of the World!

You are currently viewing one of the free accounts available in our complimentary tour of Birds of the World. In this courtesy review, you can access all the life history articles and the multimedia galleries associated with this account.

For complete access to all accounts, a subscription is required.

Subscribe Now

Already a subscriber? Sign in

Editor's Note: This is a shorter format account, originally published in HBW Alive. Please consider contributing your expertise to update and expand this account.

Systematics History

Sometimes placed in genus Gallirallus or Rallus. Monotypic.

Subspecies

First discovered on Mangere in 1871, and 26 specimens collected there are known from museum collections. The last confirmed live individuals of this species were found in 1893. By 1895 it was extinct (1). Reasons for its demise on Mangere uncertain, but predation by rats and domestic cats (introduced in 1890s), destruction of habitat to provide sheep pasture (all of Mangere’s bush and tussock grass destroyed by 1900), and grazing by introduced goats and rabbits presumed to be main factors (2). Former presence on Chatham I and Pitt I known only from 19th-century bones.

Distribution

Chatham Is (Chatham, Mangere and Pitt), E of New Zealand.

Distribution of the Chatham Islands Rail
Enlarge
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Chatham Islands Rail

Recommended Citation

(2020). Chatham Islands Rail (Gallirallus modestus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.chirai1.01