SPECIES

Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis Scientific name definitions

Jay Pitocchelli, Julie L. Jones, and David C. Jones
Version: 2.0 — Published June 2, 2023

References

Literature Cited

  • 1. Pitocchelli, J. (1990). Plumage, morphometric and song variation in Mourning (Oporornis philadelphia) and MacGillivray's (O. tolmiei) Warblers. Auk 107:161–171.
  • 2. Pyle, P., and P. Henderson (1990). On separating female and immature Oporornis warblers in fall. Birding 22:223–229.
  • 3. Pyle, P. (2022). Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part I, Second Edition. Slate Creek Press, Forest Knolls, CA, USA. http://slatecreekpress.com
  • 4. Lanyon, W. E., and J. Bull (1967). Identification of Connecticut, Mourning, and MacGillivray's Warblers. Bird-Banding 38:187–194.
  • 5. Dwight, J., Jr. (1900). The sequence of plumages and moults of the passerine birds of New York. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 13:73–360.
  • 6. Ridgway, R. (1902). The birds of North and Middle America. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 50, part II. https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7512306
  • 7. Bent, A. C. (1953). Life Histories of North American Wood Warblers. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 203. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.203.1
  • 8. Roberts, T. S. (1955). A Manual for the Identification of the Birds of Minnesota and Neighboring States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
  • 9. Oberholser, H. C. (1974). The Bird Life of Texas. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, USA.
  • 10. Curson, J., D. Quinn, and D. Beadle (1994). Warblers of the Americas: an Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, NY, USA.
  • 11. Dunn, J. L., and K. L. Garrett (1997). A Field Guide to the Warblers of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA, USA.
  • 12. Robbins, C. S. (1964). A guide to the ageing and sexing of wood-warblers (Parulidae) in fall. EBBA News 27:199–215.
  • 13. Parmelee, D. F., and R. J. Oehlenschlager (1972). Connecticut Warbler nest in Hubbard County, Minnesota. Loon 44:5–6.
  • 14. Pyle, P., C. M. Godwin, and K. R. Foster (2015). Identifying juvenile warblers: The fun really begins here. Birding 47:58–69.
  • 15. Humphrey, P. S., and K. C. Parkes (1959). An approach to the study of molts and plumages. Auk 76(1):1–31. https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/auk/v076n01/p0001-p0031.pdf
  • 16. Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle, and D. I. Rogers (2003). The first basic problem: a review of molt and plumage homologies. Condor 105:635–653. https://doi.org/10.1650/7225
  • 17. Rohwer, S., and G. S. Butcher (1988). Winter versus summer explanations of delayed plumage maturation in temperate passerine birds. American Naturalist 131:556–572.
  • 18. Pyle, P. (1997). Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part I. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, CA, USA.
  • 19. Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle, and D. I. Rogers (2004). The first basic problem revisited: reply to commentaries on Howell et al. (2003). Condor 106:206–210. https://doi.org/10.1093/condor/106.1.206
  • 20. Howell, S. N. G. (2010). Molt in North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA and New York, NY, USA.
  • 21. Stone, W. (1896). The molting of birds with special reference to the plumages of smaller land birds of eastern North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 43:108–164.
  • 22. Pyle, P. (1997). Molt limits in North American passerines. North American Bird Bander 22:49–89. https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/nabb/v022n02/p0049-p0089.pdf
  • 23. León, C. P., M. P. Sánchez, Y. S. Vega, N. V. Dávila, and F. R. Santana (2019). Reporte de la Bijirita de Connecticut (Oporornis agilis; Aves: Parulidae) en el oriente de Cuba. Novitates Caribbaea 14:163–166.
  • 24. Pyle, P., J. F. Saracco, and D. F. DeSante (2018). Evidence of widespread movements from breeding to molting grounds by North American landbirds. Auk: Ornithological Advances 135:506–520. https://doi.org/10.1642/AUK-17-201.1
  • 25. Walkinshaw, L. H., and W. A. Dyer (1961). The Connecticut Warbler in Michigan. Auk 78(3):379–388.
  • 26. Collins, M. D., G. E. Relyea, E. C. Blustein, and S. M. Badami (2017). Neotropical migrants exhibit variable body-size changes over time and space. Northeastern Naturalist 24:82–96.
  • 27. Saulnier, M-C. (2011). Biologie de la reproduction de la Paruline à gorge grise (Oporornis agilis) dans les pinèdes grises du Lac-Saint-Jean, Canada. M.S. thesis, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada.
  • 28. Dunning, J. B. (2018). Body Masses of North American Birds. International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council, Eugene, OR, USA.
  • 29. Parker, T. A., III (1982). Observations of some unusual rainforest and marsh birds in southeastern Peru. Wilson Bulletin 94(4):477–493.
  • 30. Wilson, A. (1812). American Ornithology. Volume 5. Bradsford and Inskeep, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
  • 31. Lovette, I. J., J. L. Perez-Eman, J. P. Sullivan, R. C. Banks, I. Fiorentino, S. Cordoba-Cordoba, M. Echeverry-Galvis, F. K. Barker, K. J. Burns, J. Klicka, S. M. Lanyon, and E. Bermingham (2010). A comprehensive multilocus phylogeny for the wood-warblers and a revised classification of the Parulidae (Aves). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57:753–770. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.018
  • 32. Escalante, P., L. Marquez-Valdelamar, P. de la Torre, J. P. Laclette, and J. Klicka (2009). Evolutionary history of a prominent North American warbler clade: The Oporornis-Geothlypis complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(3):668–678.
  • 33. Chesser, R. T., R. C. Banks, F. K. Barker, C. Cicero, J. L. Dunn, A. W. Kratter, I. J. Lovette, P. C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen, J. D. Rising, D. F. Stotz, and K. Winker (2011). Fifty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. Auk 128(3):600–613. https://doi.org/10.1525/auk.2011.128.3.600
  • 34. Keith, A. R. (1997). The Birds of St. Lucia, West Indies: An Annotated Check-list. BOU Check-list 15. British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring, UK.
  • 35. Barker, F. K., K. J. Burns, J. Klicka, S. M. Lanyon, and I. J. Lovette (2015). New insights into New World biogeography: an integrated view from the phylogeny of blackbirds, cardinals, sparrows, tanagers, warblers, and allies. Auk 132:333–348. https://doi.org/10.1642/AUK-14-110.1
  • 36. McCarthy, E. M. (2006). Handbook of Avian Hybrids of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.
  • 37. Sutton, G. M. (1967). Oklahoma Birds, Their Ecology and Distribution with Comments on the Avifauna of the Southern Great Plains. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, USA.
  • 38. Davidson, P. J. A., R. J. Cannings, A. R. Couturier, D. Lepage, and C. M. Di Corrado (Editors) (2015). The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of British Columbia, 2008–2012. Bird Studies Canada, Delta, BC, Canada. https://www.birdatlas.bc.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=AGPL&lang=en
  • 39. Machtans, C. S. (2000). Extra-limital observations of Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus, Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis, and other bird observations from the Liard Valley, Northwest Territories. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114(4):671–679.
  • 40. Federation of Alberta Naturalists (2007). Atlas of Breeding Birds of Alberta: A Second Look. Federation of Alberta Naturalists, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
  • 41. Artuso, C., A. R. Couturier, K. D. De Smet, R. F. Koes, D. Lepage, J. McCracken, R. D. Mooi, and P. Taylor (Editors) (2018). The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Manitoba, 2010–2014. Bird Studies Canada, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/
  • 42. Cadman, M. D., D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier (Editors) (2007). Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario 2001–2005. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 43. Robert, M., M. Hachey, D. Lepage, and A. G. Couturier (Editors) (2019). The Second Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Southern Québec. Regroupement QuébecOiseaux, the Canadian Wildlife Service (Environment and Climate Change Canada) and Bird Studies Canada, Quebec, QC, Canada.
  • 44. Pfannmuller, L., G. Niemi, J. Green, B. Sample, N. Walton, E. Zlonis, T. Brown, A. Bracey, G. Host, J. Reed, K. Rewinkel, and N. Will (2017). The First Minnesota Breeding Bird Atlas (2009–2013). https://mnbirdatlas.org/
  • 45. Cutright, N. J., B. R. Harriman, and R. W. Howe (2006). Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Wisconsin. Wisconsin Society of Ornithology, Waukesha, WI, USA.
  • 46. Chartier, A. T., J. J. Baldy, and J. M. Brenneman (Editors) (2011). The Second Michigan Breeding Bird Atlas. Kalamazoo Nature Center, Kalamazoo, MI, USA. https://www.mibirdatlas.org/ Portals/12/MBA2010/GRAJaccount.pdf
  • 47. Boreal Avian Modelling Project (2012). Annual Report: April 2011–March 2012. University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3243640
  • 48. Hennigar B., J. P. Ethier, and D. R. Wilson (2019). Experimental traffic noise attracts birds during the breeding season. Behavioral Ecology 30:1591–1601. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arz123
  • 49. Wells, J., D. Childs, F. Reid, K. Smith, M. Darveau, and V. Courtois (2014). Boreal birds need half: maintaining North America’s bird nursery and why it matters. Boreal Songbird Initiative, Seattle, Washington, Ducks Unlimited, Memphis, Tennessee, and Ducks Unlimited Canada, Stonewall, Manitoba.
  • 50. Sodhi, N. S., and C. A. Paszkowski (1995). Research on wood warblers in Canada. Journal of Field Ornithology 66(2):260–266.
  • 51. Cheskey, E., J. Wells, and S. Casey-Lefkowitz (2011). Birds at risk, the importance of Canada’s boreal wetlands and waterways. Natural Resource Defense Council Technical Report. NRDC Reports Department, New York, NY, USA.
  • 52. Winger, B. M., and T. M. Pegan (2021). Migration distance is a fundamental axis of the slow-fast continuum of life history in boreal birds. Ornithology 138:1–18.
  • 53. Meyer de Schauensee, R. (1970). A Guide to the Birds of South America. Livingston Publishing Company, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • 54. Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor (1989). The Birds of South America. Volume 1: The Oscine Passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX, USA.
  • 55. Restall, R., C. Rodner, and M. Lentino (2006). Birds of Northern South America: An Identification Guide. Christopher Helm, London, UK.
  • 56. Paynter, R. A., Jr. (1995). Nearctic Passerine Migrants in South America. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club 25, Cambridge, MA, USA.
  • 57. Hilty, S. L. (2003). Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 58. Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor (2009). Field Guide to the Songbirds of South America: the Passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, USA.
  • 59. Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, D. F. Lane, J. P. O'Neill, and T. A. Parker (2007). Birds of Peru. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 60. Sorrie, B. A. (2016). Early records of Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis in Amazonian Peru. Cotinga 38:46.
  • 61. Sick, H. (1993). Birds in Brazil: A Natural History. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 62. Aponte M. A., D. Ric, O. Maillard, D. F. Lane, R. S. Terrill, A. G. Calle, R. Ramirez, M. A. Montenegro, R. Arispe, L. H. Acosta, M. M. Salvatierra, W. S. Pantoja, G. Sánchez, and D. Aliaga-Pantoja (2022). New and noteworthy observations on the distribution of birds in Bolivia. Cotinga 44:9–18.
  • 63. Herzog, S. K., V. H. Garcia-Soliz, and S. E. Davis (2009). Status of the Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulea) at the southern terminus of its non-breeding range, with a review of other Nearctic-neotropical migrant Parulidae in Bolivia. Ornitología Neotropical 20(1):121–130. https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/ON%2020%20%281%29%20121-130.pdf
  • 64. Hallworth M. T., E. Bayne, E. McKinnon, O. Love, J. A. Tremblay, B. Drolet, J. Ibarzabal, S. Van Wilgenburg, and P. P. Marra (2021). Habitat loss on the breeding grounds is a major contributor to population declines in a long-distance migratory songbird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 288(1949). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.3164
  • 65. Freeman, B. G., S. L. Hilty, D. Calderón-F., T. Ellery, and L. E. Urueña (2012). New and noteworthy bird records from central and northern Colombia. Cotinga 34:33–42. http://www.neotropicalbirdclub.org/articles/34/Freeman.pdf
  • 66. Gauthier, J., and Y. Aubry (1996). Les Oiseaux Nicheurs du Québec: Atlas des Oiseaux Nicheurs du Québec Meridional. Environnment Canada, Région du Québec: Association Québécoise des groupes d'ornithologues, Sociétié Québécoise de protection des oiseaux, Service Canadien de la Faune, Quebec, Canada.
  • 67. Janssen, R. B. (1987). Birds in Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
  • 68. Toews, D. P. L. (2017). Habitat suitability and the constraints of migration in New World warblers. Journal of Avian Biology 48:1614–1623.
  • 69. Zink, R. M., and A. S. Gardner (2017). Glaciation as a migratory switch. Science Advances 3:e1603133. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1603133
  • 70. Stralberg, D., S. M. Matsuoka, C. M. Handel, F. K. Schmiegelow, A. Hamann, and E. Bayne (2017). Biogeography of boreal passerine range dynamics in western North America: past, present, and future. Ecography 40:1050–1066. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02393
  • 71. Winker, K., and D. D. Gibson (2018). Some broad-scale effects of recent and future climate change among migratory birds in Beringia. in Trends and traditions: Avifaunal change in western North America (W. D. Shuford, R. E. Gill Jr., and C. M. Handel, Editors). Studies of Western Birds 3. Western Field Ornithologists, Camarillo, CA, USA. pp. 432–440. https://doi.org/10.21199/SWB3.23
  • 72. Stralberg, D., and E. Bayne (2013). Modeling avifaunal responses to climate change across Alberta’s natural regions. Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute, Edmonton, AB, Canada. https://ftp-public.abmi.ca/home/publications/documents/339_Stralberg_etal_2013_ModelingAvifaunalResponsesToClimateChangeAcrossAlbertasNaturalRegions_ABMI.pdf
  • 73. Welsh, D. A., and S. C. Lougheed (1996). Relationships of bird community structure and species distributions to two environmental gradients in the northern boreal forest. Ecography 19(2):194–208.
  • 74. U.S. Department of Agriculture (2000). Population viability assessment, U.S. Forest Service: National forests in Minnesota and Wisconsin, January 19–21, 2000. Notes from the Population Viability Assessment Panel Group, 3 Non-forest birds.
  • 75. Blais, V. (2014). Caractérisation et utilisation de l'habitat par la Paruline à gorge grise (Oporornis agilis) dans les pinèdes grises du Lac-Saint-Jean, Québec. M.S. thesis, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada.
  • 76. Venier, L. A., and J. L. Pearce (2007). Boreal forest landbirds in relation to forest composition, structure, and landscape: implications for forest management. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37(7):1214–1226.
  • 77. Robbins, S.D. (1991). Wisconsin Birdlife. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 78. Schmiegelow, F. K. A., C. S. Machtans, and S. J. Hannon (1997). Are boreal birds resilient to forest fragmentation? An experimental study of short-term community responses. Ecology 78(6):1914–1932.
  • 79. Hobson, K. A., and E. Bayne (2000). The effects of stand age on avian communities in aspen-dominated forests of central Saskatchewan, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 136:121–134.
  • 80. Kudell-Ekstrum, J. (2002). Conservation assessment for Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis). U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Eastern Region, Milwaukee, WI, USA. https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fsm91_054307.pdf
  • 81. Elder, D. H. (1991). Breeding habitat of the Connecticut Warbler in the Rainy River District. Ontario Birds 9:84–86. https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/84-89%20notes%20OB%20Vol9%233%20Dec1991.pdf
  • 82. Welsh, D. A., and L. A. Venier (1996). Binoculars and satellites: Developing a conservation framework for boreal forest wildlife at varying scales. Forest Ecology and Management 85(1–3):53–65.
  • 83. Kells, W. L. (1889). Nesting of the Connecticut Warbler. Oologist 14:49–51.
  • 84. Griscom, L., A. Sprunt and E. M. Reilly (Editors) (1979). The Warblers of America. Revised edition. Doubleday & Co., New York, NY, USA.
  • 85. Salt, W. R. (1973). Alberta vireos and wood warblers: families Vireonidae and Parulidae, distribution and breeding. Edmonton Provincial Museum and Archives of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
  • 86. Johns, B. W. (1993). The influence of grove size on bird species richness in aspen parklands. Wilson Bulletin 105:256–264.
  • 87. Wiebe, K. L., and S. Shadick (2011). Birds associated with American Elm forests in northeastern Saskatchewan. Blue Jay 69:161–167. https://doi.org/10.29173/bluejay327
  • 88. Nixon, A. E. (2011). Interactions between the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria Hübner) and its natural enemies: the effects of forest composition and implications for outbreak spread. M.S. thesis. University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
  • 89. Cooper, J. M. and S. M. Beauchesne (2004). Connecticut Warbler. In Identified Wildlife Management Strategy (K. Paige, Editor). Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Strategy, BC, Canada. https://www.env.gov.bc.ca/wld/frpa/iwms/documents/Birds/b_connecticutwarbler.pdf
  • 90. Leverkus, S. E. R., S. D. Fuhlendorf, M. Geertsema, R. D. Elmore, D. M. Engle, and K. A. Baum (2017). A landscape disturbance matrix for conserving biodiversity. Journal of Ecosystems and Management 17:1–26. http://jem-online.org/index.php/jem/article/view/591/510
  • 91. Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser, M. C. E. McNall and A. C. Stewart (2001). The Birds of British Columbia, Volume 4: Passerines, Wood-Warblers through Old World Sparrows. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  • 92. Siddle, C. (1992). The declining populations of warblers in northeastern British Columbia. In Community Action for Endangered Species: a Public Symposium on B.C.’s Threatened and Endangered Species and Their Habitat (S. Rautio, Editor). Federation of British Columbia Naturalists and Northwest Wildlife Preservation Society, Vancouver, BC, Canada. pp. 143–151
  • 93. Cooper, J. M., K. A. Enns and M. G. Shepard (1997). Status of the Connecticut Warbler in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of the Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch, Wildlife Working Report No. WR-83. Victoria, BC, Canada. https://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/documents/bib41334.pdf
  • 94. Preston, M., F. Bunnell, and P. Vernier (2007). Identification of habitat variables and information gaps for providing scale-dependent management recommendations to monitor Black-throated Green Warbler and Connecticut Warbler in northeast British Columbia. Technical Report for Ministry of Environment, British Columbia and Louisiana-Pacific Canada Ltd.
  • 95. Grinde, A. R., G. J. Niemi, B. R. Sturtevant, H. Panci, W. Thogmartin, and P. Wolter (2017). Importance of scale, land cover, and weather on the abundance of bird species in a managed forest. Forest Ecology and Management 405:295–308.
  • 96. Niemi, G. J., R. W. Howe, B. R. Sturtevant, L. R. Parker, A. R. Grinde, N. P. Danz, M. D. Nelson, E. J. Zlonis, N. G. Walton, E. E. Gnass Giese, and S. M. Lietz (2016). Analysis of long-term forest bird monitoring data from national forests of the western Great Lakes Region. U.S.D.A. Forest Service General Technical Report NRS-159.
  • 97. Corace, R. G., III, L. M. Shartell, L. A. Schulte, W. L. Brininger, M. K. D. McDowell, and D. M. Kashian (2012). An ecoregional context for forest management on National Wildlife Refuges of the Upper Midwest, USA. Environmental Management 49:359–371.
  • 98. Zlonis, E. J., H. G. Panci, J. D. Bednar, M. Hamady, and G. J. Niemi (2017). Habitats and landscapes associated with bird species in a lowland conifer-dominated ecosystem. Avian Conservation and Ecology 12(1):7.
  • 99. Bednar, J. D. (2017). Habitat and landscape associations of breeding birds in forested peatlands, Minnesota. M.S. thesis, University of Minnesota. Minneapolis, MN, USA.
  • 100. Lapin, C., M. Etterson, and G. Niemi (2013). Occurrence of the Connecticut Warbler increases with size of patches of coniferous forest. Condor 115:168–177.
  • 101. Streby, H. M., S. M. Peterson, T. L. McAllister, and D. E. Andersen (2011). Use of early-successional managed northern forest by mature-forest species during the post-fledging period. Condor 113(4):817–824.
  • 102. Robbins, S. D., Jr. (1991). Wisconsin Birdlife: Population and Distribution, Past and Present. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • 103. Walton, N., S. Kolbe, and A. Grinde (2019). Bayfield County Forest breeding bird survey modeling report. Natural Resources Research Institute Technical Summary Report NRRI/TSR-2019/06. Duluth, MN, USA. https://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/204493/NRRI-TSR-2019-06.pdf?sequence=1
  • 104. Binford, L. C. (1991). Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis. In The Atlas of Breeding Birds of Michigan (R. Brewer, G. A. McPeek and R. J. Adams, Editors). Michigan State University Press, East Lansing, MI, USA.
  • 105. Trautman, M. B. (1940). The birds of Buckeye Lake, Ohio. University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publication 44. https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/56289
  • 106. Blake, J. G., and W. G. Hoppes (1986). Influence of resource abundance on use of tree-fall gaps by birds in an isolated woodlot. Auk 103(2):328–340.
  • 107. Martin, T. E., and J. R. Karr (1986). Patch utilization by migrating birds: Resource oriented? Ornis Scandinavica 17(2):165–174.
  • 108. Mengel, R. M. (1965). The birds of Kentucky. Ornithological Monographs 3. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA.
  • 109. Chapman, F. M. (1907). The Warblers of North America. D. Appleton & Company, New York, NY, USA.
  • 110. Olsen, B. J., J. D. McCabe, E. M. Adams, D. P. Grunzel, and A. J. Leppold (2015). Matching ephemeral resources on autumnal stopover and the potential for mismatch. In Phenological synchrony and bird migration: changing climate and seasonal resources in North America (E. M. Wood and J. L. Kellermann Editors), Studies in Avian Biology (no. 47), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. pp. 163–176.
  • 111. Forbush, E. H., and J. B. May (1939). Natural History of the Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
  • 112. Veit, R. R., and W. R. Petersen (1993). The Birds of Massachusetts. Massachussetts Audubon Society, Lincoln, Massachusetts, USA.
  • 113. Bull, J. (1974). Birds of New York State. Doubleday Natural History Press, Garden City, NY, USA.
  • 114. Todd, W. E. C. (1940). The Birds of Western Pennsylvania. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
  • 115. Fetterman, A. V. (2016). Habitat quality for stopover migrants at Rushton Woods Preserve, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Cassinia 76:43–51.
  • 116. Marchese, N., M. Farrell, B. D’Amato, A. Totha, M. Newhouse, and E. Wiener (2021). Songbird use of a capped landfill as a migratory stopover site in the New Jersey Meadowlands. Poster session, 2021 American Ornithological Society 139th State Meeting.
  • 117. Bystrak, D. (2014). Patuxent powerline right-of-way. North American Bird Bander 40:73–74.
  • 118. Shier, G. R. (1971). First fall record of the Connecticut Warbler in Colorado. Colorodo Field Ornithology 10:19–20.
  • 119. McKenzie, P. M., and R. E. Noble (1989). Site records for Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis) and Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons) in Puerto Rico. Florida Field Naturalist 17:69–72.
  • 120. Amos, E. J. R. (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Bermuda. Corncrake, Warwick, Bermuda.
  • 121. Bosque, C., and M. Lentino (1987). The passage of North American migratory land birds through xerophytic habitats on the western coast of Venezuela. Biotropica 19:267–273.
  • 122. Thomas, B. T. (1993). North American migrant passerines at two non-forested sites in Venezuela. Journal of Field Ornithology 64:549–556.
  • 123. Thomas, B. T. (1993). Birds of a northern Venezuelan secondary-scrub habitat. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 113(1):9–17. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40028104
  • 124. Stiles, F. G., and A. F. Skutch (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • 125. Martin, J. U. (2017). Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis) in a Peruvian white sand forest habitat. Boletín de la Unión de Ornitólogos del Perú 12:6–8.
  • 126. Leston, L., E. Bayne, and F. Schmiegelow (2018). Long-term changes in boreal forest occupancy within regenerating harvest units. Forest and Ecology Management 421:40–53.
  • 127. Sibley, D. A. (1997). Birds of Cape May. Second edition. Cape May Bird Observatory, New Jersey Audubon Society, Cape May, NJ, USA.
  • 128. McKinnon, E. A., C. Artuso, and O. P. Love (2017). The mystery of the missing warbler. Ecology 98:1970–1972.
  • 129. Granlund, J., G. A. McPeek, and R. J. Adams (1994). The Birds of Michigan. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, USA.
  • 130. Weisbrod, A. R., C. J. Burnett, J. G. Turner, and D. W. Warner (1993). Migrating birds at a stopover site in the Saint Croix River valley. Wilson Bulletin 105:265–284.
  • 131. Peterjohn, B. G. (2001). The Birds of Ohio with Breeding Bird Atlas Maps. Wooster Book Company, Wooster, OH, USA.
  • 132. Monroe, B. L., Jr. (1994). The Birds of Kentucky. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, USA.
  • 133. Lloyd-Evans, T. L., and J. L. Atwood (2004). 32 years of changes in passerine numbers during spring and fall migrations in coastal Massachusetts. Wilson Bulletin 116(1):1–16.
  • 134. Mills, E. L., and L. Laviolette (2011). Birds of Brier Island. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science 46.
  • 135. Leck, C. F. (1984). The Status and Distribution of New Jersey's Birds. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
  • 136. McWilliams, G. M., and D. W. Brauning (2000). The Birds of Pennsylvania. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • 137. Mehlman, D. W. (1990). Migration timing of four uncommon species in Montgomery County. Maryland Birdlife 46(3):79–82.
  • 138. Smith, F. M. (2011). Summary of fall Passerine banding on the Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge: 2009–2010 Seasons. CCB Technical Report 346, Center for Conservation Biology, Williamsburg, VA, USA. https://scholarworks.wm.edu/ccb_reports/346
  • 139. Stevenson, H. M., and B. H. Anderson (1994). The Birdlife of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
  • 140. Johnsgard, P. A. (2015). Birding Nebraska’s Central Platte Valley and Rainwater Basin. Zea E-Books. Book 36, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/zeabook/36
  • 141. Robbins, M. B. (2018). The Status and Distribution of Birds in Missouri. University of Kansas Libraries, Lawrence, KS, USA. https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/handle/1808/26287
  • 142. Imhof, T. A. (1976). Alabama Birds. Second Edition. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.
  • 143. Lockwood, M. W., and B. Freeman (2014). The Texas Ornithological Society Handbook of Texas Birds. Louise Lindsey Merrick Natural Environment Series, volume 47. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TX, USA.
  • 144. Perlut, N. (2019). Latest documented fall record of Oporornis agilis (Connecticut Warbler) in North America. Northeastern Naturalist 26:12–13.
  • 145. Kirwan, G. M., A. Levesque, M. Oberle, and C. J. Sharpe (2019). Birds of the West Indies. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 146. McNair, D. B., E. B. Massiah, and M. D. Frost (1999). New and rare species of Nearctic landbird migrants during autumn for Barbados and the Lesser Antilles. Caribbean Journal of Science 35(1–2):46–53.
  • 147. Levesque A., and F. Delcroix (2013). Liste des oiseaux de la Guadeloupe (7ème édition). Grande-Terre, Basse-Terre, Marie-Galante, les Saintes, la Désirade, Îlets de la Petite-Terre. Rapport AMAZONA 32.
  • 148. Levesque A. and F. Delcroix (2016). Liste des oiseaux de l’île de La Désirade (1ère édition). Rapport AMAZONA 44.
  • 149. Prins, T. G., J. H. Reuter, A. O. Debrot, J. Wattel, and V. Nijman (2009). Checklist of the birds of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire, South Caribbean. Ardea 97(2):137–268.
  • 150. Jahn, O., M. E. J. Viteri, and K. L. Schuchmann (1999). Connecticut Warbler: a North American migrant new to Ecuador. Wilson Bulletin 111(2):281–282.
  • 151. Diniz, C, J. D. Wolfe, M. Anciaes, and P. Stouffer (2014). New record of Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis in central Amazonian Brazil. Cotinga 36:127.
  • 152. Marks, J. S., P. Hendricks, and D. Casey (2016). Birds of Montana. Buteo Books, Arrington, Virginia, USA.
  • 153. Dorst, A. (2018). The Birds of Vancouver Island’s West Coast. UBC Press, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • 154. Stake, M. M. (2012). Trends in vagrant capture rates at a coastal California banding station (1993–2010). Bird Populations 11:14–21.
  • 155. Roberson, D. (1980). Rare Birds of the West Coast of North America. Woodcock Publications, Pacific Grove, CA, USA.
  • 156. Garrett, K., and J. Dunn (1981). Birds of Southern California: Status and Distribution. Los Angeles Audubon Society, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • 157. Taylor, D. M., D. F. DeSante, G. R. Geupel, and K. Houghton (1994). Autumn populations of landbirds along central coastal California 1976–1986. Journal of Field Ornithology 65(2):169–185.
  • 158. Ralph, C. J. and J. D. Wolfe (2018). Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of autumn vagrant New World warblers in northwestern California and southern Oregon. PeerJ 6:e5881. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5881
  • 159. Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • 160. Erickson, R. A., R. Carmona, G. Ruizcampos, M. Iliff, and M. J. Billings (2013). Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Baja California and Baja California Sur, 2nd Edition. North American Birds 66:582–613
  • 161. Howell, S. N. G., P. Pyle, L. B. Spear, and R. L. Pittman (1993). North American migrant birds on Clipperton Atoll. Western Birds 24:73–80.
  • 162. Chavarría-Duriaux, L., D. C. Hille, and R. Dean (2018). Birds of Nicaragua: A Field Guide. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • 163. Wetmore, A., R. F. Pasquier, and S. L. Olson (1984). The Birds of the Republic of Panama, Part 4-Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 150, Part 4. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43196834
  • 164. Ridgely, R. S., and J. A. Gwynne (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Second edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 165. Dyer, D., and S. N. G. Howell (2023). Birds of Costa Rica. Princeton University Press, NJ, USA.
  • 166. Raffaele, H. A. (1989). A guide to the birds of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 167. Kornegay, M. E. (2011). Abundance and breeding productivity of resident avian species in Guánica State Forest. M. S. Thesis. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
  • 168. Keith, A. R., J. W. Wiley, S. C. Latta, and J. A. Ottenwalder (2003). The Birds of Hispaniola. Haiti and the Dominican Republic: An Annotated Checklist. BOU Check-list 21. British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring, UK.
  • 169. Wells, J. V., and A. C. Wells (2017). Birds of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • 170. Sprunt, A., Jr. (1954). Florida Birdlife. Coward-McCann, New York, NY, USA.
  • 171. Cruickshank, A. D. (1980). The birds of Brevard County, Florida. Florida Press, Inc., Orlando, FL, USA.
  • 172. Hall, R. (2011). From the field. Oriole 76:37–46.
  • 173. Uffman, J. P., and R. N. Douglas (2014). Spring 2014 seasonal report. Bluebird 81:146–164.
  • 174. Bohlen, H. D. (1989). The Birds of Illinois. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN, USA.
  • 175. Winker, K., D. W. Warner, and A. R. Weisbrod (1992). Migration of woodland birds at a fragmented inland stopover site. Wilson Bulletin 104(4):580–598.
  • 176. James, R. D., P. L. McLaren, and J. C. Barlow (1976). Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Ontario. Royal Ontario Museum, ON, Canada.
  • 177. Smith, A. R. (1996). Atlas of Saskatchewan Birds. Saskatchewan Natural History Society Special Publications 22, Regina, SK, Canada.
  • 178. Boyle, W. J., Jr. (2011). The Birds of New Jersey: Status and Distribution. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 179. Jones, H. L., and O. Komar (2014). Central America. North American Birds 67:525–531.
  • 180. Howell, S. N. G., and D. Dyer (2023). Birds of Belize. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 181. Russell, S. M. (1964). A distributional study of the birds of British Honduras. Ornithological Monographs 1. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA. https://www.jstor.org/stable/i40004387
  • 182. Jones, H. L. (2003). Birds of Belize. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX, USA.
  • 183. Monroe, B. L., Jr. (1968). A distributional survey of the birds of Honduras. Ornithological Monographs 7. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA.
  • 184. Scully, M. (2011). Connecticut Warblers. San Antonio Audubon Society News 57:1–5.
  • 185. Andrews, P., and R. Righter (1992). Colorado Birds. Denver Museum of Natural History, Denver, Colorado, USA.
  • 186. Semo, L. S., and D. Faulkner (2011). The 57th report of the Colorado Bird Records Committee. Colorado Birds 45(1):30–41.
  • 187. Silcock, W. R. (2015). Spring Field Report, March 2015 to February 2015. Nebraska Bird Review 83:54–85.
  • 188. Brogie, M. A. (2016). 2015 (27th) Report of the NOU Records Committee. Nebraska Bird Review 84:138–150. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/nebbirdrev/1408
  • 189. Rogers, T. H. (1982). Northern Rocky Mountain region. American Birds 36:875–877.
  • 190. McCaskie, G. (1970). Occurrence of eastern species of Oporornis and Wilsonia in California. Condor 72:373–374.
  • 191. Monticelli, D., T. Valkenburg, D. Kerestúr, A. Leitão, V. Legrand, P. Alfrey, and T. Lloyd-Evans (2022). Ringing American passerines in the Azores: preliminary results with special mention of the first record of Connecticut Warbler for the Western Palearctic. British Birds 115:72–87.
  • 192. McWilliams, S. R., C. Guglielmo, B. Pierce, and M. Klaassen (2004). Flying, fasting, and feeding in birds during migration: A nutritional and physiological ecology perspective. Journal of Avian Biology 35(5):377–393.
  • 193. Jones, J., C. M. Francis, M. Drew, S. Fuller, and M. W. S. Ng (2002). Age-related differences in body mass and rates of mass gain of passerines during autumn migratory stopover. Condor 104(1):49–58.
  • 194. Parrish, J. D. (1997). Patterns of frugivory and energetic condition in nearctic landbirds during autumn migration. Condor 99:681–697.
  • 195. La Sorte, F. A. and D. Fink (2017). Projected changes in prevailing winds for transatlantic migratory birds under global warming. Journal of Animal Ecology 86:273–284.
  • 196. Wetmore, A. (1964). Song and Garden Birds of North America. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, USA.
  • 197. Meyer de Schauensee, R., and W. H. Phelps (1978). A Guide to the Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 198. Keast, A. (1980). Spatial relationships between migratory parulid warblers and their ecological counterparts in the neotropics. In Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: Ecology, Behaviour, Distribution, and Conservation (A. Keast and E. S. Morton, Editors). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA. pp. 109–132.
  • 199. DeGraaf, R. M., V. E. Scott, R. H. Hamie, L. Ernst, and S. H. Anderson (1991). Forest and rangeland birds of the United States. Agricultural Handbook no. 688, U.S. Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA.
  • 200. Seton, E. T. (1884). Nest and habits of the Connecticut Warbler. Auk 1:192.
  • 201. Thompson, E. E. (1891). The birds of Manitoba. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 13:457–643.
  • 202. Allin, A. E. (1957). Connecticut Warbler. In The Warblers of North America (L. Griscom and A. Sprunt Jr., Editors), Devin-Adair Company, New York, NY, USA. pp. 203–206.
  • 203. Harrison, H. H. (1984). The Wood Warblers' World. Simon and Schuster, New York, NY, USA.
  • 204. Bergeron, S. (2020). Variabilité du chant de la paruline à gorge grise (Oporornis agilis). M.S. thesis, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada.
  • 205. Hannah, K. C., E. M. Bayne, and N. V. Sanchez (2020). First description of the structure and geographic patterns in the songs of the Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 132:598–607. https://doi.org/10.1093/ornithology/ukab043
  • 206. Plastino, K. K. C. Hannah, R. Russell, and J. R. Foote (2022). Hitting all the notes: Connecticut warblers sing an extended song type. Journal of Ornithology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-022-02005-z
  • 207. Spector, D. A. (1992). Wood-warbler song systems: A review of Paruline singing behaviors. Current Ornithology 9:199–238.
  • 208. Shanahan, D. (1992). Notes on calls of breeding Connecticut Warblers. Ontario Birds 10:115–116.
  • 209. Pieplow, N. (2017). Peterson Field Guide to Bird Sounds of Eastern North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, NY, USA.
  • 210. Landsborough, B. J., J. R. Foote, and D. J. Mennill (2019). Decoding the ‘zeep’ complex: quantitative analysis of interspecific variation in the nocturnal flight calls of nine wood warbler species (Parulidae spp.). Bioacoustics 28:555–574. https://doi.org/10.1080/09524622.2018.1509373
  • 211. Zach, G., R. Simpson, and D. Mennill (2021). The evolution of Wood Warbler flight calls: species with similar migrations produce acoustically similar calls. Evolution 75:719–730.
  • 212. Widmann, O. (1907). A preliminary catalog of the birds of Missouri. Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis. Volume XVII, no. 1.
  • 213. Huff, N. L. (1929). The nest and habits of the Connecticut Warbler in Minnesota. Auk 46:455–465.
  • 214. Schieck, J. (1997). Biased detection of bird vocalizations affects comparisons of bird abundance among forested habitats. Condor 99:179–190.
  • 215. Ficken, M. S., and R. W. Ficken (1962). The comparative ethology of the wood-warblers: a review. Living Bird 1:103–122.
  • 216. Sadler, T. S. (1976). Alberta birds, 1961–1970, with particular reference to migration. Occasional Paper no. 1. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
  • 217. Niemi, G. J., and J. M. Hanowski (1984). Effects of a transmission line on bird populations in the Red Lake peatland, northern Minnesota. Auk 101:487–498.
  • 218. Hobson, K. A., and S. Van Wilgenburg (2006). Composition and timing of postbreeding multispecies feeding flocks of boreal forest passerines in western Canada. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118(2):164–172. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20455855?seq=1
  • 219. Rodewald, P. G., and M. C. Brittingham (2002). Habitat use and behavior of mixed species landbird flocks during fall migration. Wilson Bulletin 114:87–98.
  • 220. Ralph, C. J., J. Rousseau, L. L. Long, and S. L. Miller (2012). Landbird monitoring at northeastern National Wildlife Refuges 2008–2010: Results and recommendations for future monitoring. Submitted to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, LaCrosse, WI, in fulfillment of Cooperative Agreement No. 301818J152.
  • 221. Kilgore, W. (1930). Breeding of the Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis) with special reference to Minnesota. Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota Occasional Papers 3:15–26. University of Minnesota Museum of Natural History, Duluth, MN, USA.
  • 222. Payne, R. B. (1983). A Distributional Checklist of the Birds of Michigan. University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • 223. Peck, G. K., and R. D. James (1987). Breeding Birds of Ontario: Nidiology and Distribution. Volume 2: Passerines. Miscellaneous Publications of the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • 224. Harrison, C. J. O. (1978). A Field Guide to the Nests, Eggs and Nestlings of North American Birds. Collins, Toronto, ON, Canada.
  • 225. Harris, A. (2011). First documented nest of Connecticut Warbler in Ontario. Ontario Birds 29:25–30.
  • 226. Ehrlich, P. R., D. S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye (1988). The Birder's Handbook. A Field Guide to the Natural History of North American Birds, Including All Species That Regularly Breed North of Mexico. Simon and Schuster Inc., New York, NY, USA.
  • 227. McKinney, R. G. (2004). Skull pneumatization in passerines: a table of last dates many passerines in the northeast can be aged safely by skulling. North American Bird Bander 29:164–170.
  • 228. Klimkiewicz, M. K., B. Clapp, and A. G. Futcher (1983). Longevity records of North American birds: Remizidae through Parulinae. Journal of Field Ornithology 54:287–294.
  • 229. Bird Banding Laboratory (2021). Longevity records of North American birds. Version 2021.1. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Laurel, MD, USA. https://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/BBL/longevity/Longevity_main.cfm
  • 230. Hamer S. A., G. J. Hickling, J. L. Sidge, M. E. Rosen, E. D. Walker, and J. I. Tsao (2011). Diverse Borrelia burgdorferi strains in a bird-tick cryptic cycle. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77:1999–2007. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02479-10
  • 231. Hamer, S. A., G. J. Hickling, R. Keith, J. L. Sidge, E. D. Walker, and J. I. Tsao (2012). Associations of Passerine birds, rabbits, and ticks with Borrelia miyamotoi and Borrelia andersonii in Michigan, USA. Parasites and Vectors 5:231. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-5-23
  • 232. Stafford, K. C., III, V. C. Bladen, and L. A. Magnarelli (1995). Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting wild birds (Aves) and White-footed Mice in Lyme, CT. Journal of Medical Entomology 32(4):453–466.
  • 233. Tufts, D. M. and M. A. Diuk-Wasser (2021). First hemispheric report of invasive tick species Haemaphysalis punctata, first state report of Haemaphysalis longicornis, and range expansion of native tick species in Rhode Island, USA. Parasites Vectors 14:394. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-04887-z
  • 234. Knee, W., and T. D. Galloway (2016). New host and locality records for endoparasitic nasal mites (Acari: Rhinonyssidae, Turbinoptidae, and Ereynetidae) infesting birds in Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Entomologist 148:89–103.
  • 235. Henning, J. D., L. DeGroote, and C. R. Dahlin (2015). Implementation of a sampling strategy to detect West Nile virus in oral and cloacal samples in live song birds. Journal of Virological Methods 222:81–84.
  • 236. Lord, R. D., and C. H. Calisher (1970). Further evidence of southward transport of arboviruses by migratory birds. American Journal of Epidemiology 92:73–78.
  • 237. Russ, G. M. and R. M. Zink (2020). Biases obscure whether sexes and ages of window-killed fall migrants die in proportion to their frequency in the migrating population. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 132:421–428.
  • 238. Partners in Flight (2020). Population Estimates Database, version 3.1. http://pif.birdconservancy.org/PopEstimates
  • 239. Beaudry, F., A. M. Pidgeon, V. C. Radeloff, R. W. Howe, D. J. Mladenoff, and G. A. Bartelt (2010). Modeling regional-scale habitat of forest birds when land management guidelines are needed but information is limited. Biological Conservation 143(7):1759–1769.
  • 240. Pfannmuller, L., G. Niemi, J. Green, B. Sample, N. Walton, E. Zlonis, T. Brown, A. Bracey, G. Host, J. Reed, K. Rewinkel, and N. Will (2017). First Minnesota Breeding Bird Atlas (2009–2013). https://mnbirdatlas.org/species/bells-vireo/
  • 241. Phinney, M. (2015). Connecticut Warbler. In The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of British Columbia, 2008–2012 (P. J. A. Davidson, R. J. Cannings, A. R. Couturier, D. Lepage, and C. M. Di Corrado, Editors). Bird Studies Canada. Delta, BC, Canada. https://www.birdatlas.bc.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=AGPL&lang=en
  • 242. Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute (2019). Species habitat and raw data. Edmonton, AB, Canada. https://abmi.ca/home/data-analytics/da-top/da-product-overview/Species-Habitat-Data.html
  • 243. Artuso, C. (2018). Connecticut Warbler. In The Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Manitoba, 2010–2014. (C. Artuso, A. R. Couturier, K. D. De Smet, R. F. Koes, D. Lepage, J. McCracken, R. Mooi, and P. Taylor, Editors). Bird Studies Canada, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. http://www.birdatlas.mb.ca/accounts/speciesaccount.jsp?sp=CONW&lang=en
  • 244. Kirk, D. A., A. W. Diamond, A. R. Smith, G. E. Holland, and P. Chytyk (1997). Population changes in boreal forest birds in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Wilson Bulletin 109:1–27.
  • 245. Price, J., S. Droege, and A. Price (1995). The Summer Atlas of North American Birds. Academic Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • 246. McLaren, P. L. (2007). Connecticut Warbler. In Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001–2005 (M. D. Cadman, D. A. Sutherland, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier, Editors). Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Ornithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature, Toronto, ON, Canada. pp. 518–519.
  • 247. Blake, J. G., J. M. Hanowski, G. J. Niemi, and P. T. Collins (1994). Annual variation in bird populations of mixed conifer-northern hardwood forests. Condor 96(2):381–399.
  • 248. Sólymos, P., J. D. Toms, S. M. Matsuoka, S. G. Cumming, N. K. S. Barker, W. E. Thogmartin, D. Stralberg, A. D. Crosby, F. V. Dénes, S. Haché, C. L. Mahon, F. K. A. Schmiegelow, and E. M. Bayne (2020). Lessons learned from comparing spatially explicit models and the Partners in Flight approach to estimate population sizes of boreal birds in Alberta, Canada. Condor 122:1–22. https://doi.org/10.1093/condor/duaa007
  • 249. Solymos, P., S. M. Matsuoka, S. G. Cumming, D. Stralberg, P. Fontaine, F. K. A. Schmiegelow, S. J. Song, and E. M. Bayne (2018). Evaluating time-removal models for estimating availability of boreal birds during point count surveys: sample size requirements and model complexity. Condor 120:765–786.
  • 250. Crosby, A. D., E. M. Bayne, S. G. Cumming, F. K. A. Schmiegelow, F. V. Dénes, and J. A. Tremblay (2019). Differential habitat selection in boreal songbirds influences estimates of population size and distribution. Diversity and Distributions 25:1941–1953.
  • 251. Toms, J. D., F. K. A. Schmiegelow, S. J. Hannon, and M. A. Villard (2006). Are point counts of boreal songbirds reliable proxies for more intensive abundance estimators? Auk 123(2):438–454.
  • 252. Hanowski, J. M., and G. J. Niemi (1995). A comparison of on- and off-road bird counts: Do you need to go off road to count birds accurately? Journal of Field Ornithology 66(4):469–483.
  • 253. Matsuoka, S. M., E. M. Bayne, P. Solymos, P. C. Fontaine, S. G. Cumming, F. K. A. Schmiegelow, and S. J. Song (2012). Using binomial distance-sampling models to estimate the effective detection radius of point-count surveys across boreal Canada. Auk 129:268–282.
  • 254. Hobson, K. A., R. S. Rempel, H. Greenwood, B. Turnbull, and S. L. Van Wilgenburg (2002). Acoustic surveys of birds using electronic recordings: New potential from an omnidirectional microphone system. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30(3):709–720.
  • 255. Rempel, R. S., K. A. Hobson, G. Holborn, S. L. Van Wilgenburg, and J. Elliott (2005). Bioacoustic monitoring of forest songbirds: Interpreter variability and effects of configuration and digital processing methods in the laboratory. Journal of Field Ornithology 76(1):1–11.
  • 256. Venier, L. A., S. B. Holmes, G. W. Holborn, K. A. McIlwrick, and G. Brown (2012). Evaluation of an automated recording device for monitoring forest birds. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36:30–39.
  • 257. Van Wilgenburg, S. L., P. Sólymos, K. J. Kardynal, and M. D. Frey (2017). Paired sampling standardizes point count data from humans and acoustic recorders. Avian Conservation and Ecology 12(1):13. https://doi.org/10.5751/ACE-00975-120113
  • 258. Sauer, J. R., D. K. Niven, J. E. Hines, D. J. Ziolkowski Jr., K. L. Pardieck, J. E. Fallon, and W. A. Link (2019). The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2019. Version 2.07.2019. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA. https://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/
  • 259. Rosenberg, K. V., J. A. Kennedy, R. Dettmers, R. P. Ford, D. Reynolds, J. D. Alexander, C. J. Beardmore, P. J. Blancher, R. E. Bogart, G. S. Butcher, A. F. Camfield, A. Couturier, D. W. Demarest, W. E. Easton, J. J. Giocomo, R. H. Keller, A. E. Mini, A. O. Panjabi, D. N. Pashley, T. D. Rich, J. M. Ruth, H. Stabins, J. Stanton, and T. Will (2016). Partners in Flight Landbird Conservation Plan: 2016 Revision for Canada and Continental United States. Partners in Flight Science Committee. https://www.partnersinflight.org/resources/the-plan/
  • 260. Walker, J. and P. D. Taylor (2020). Evaluating the efficacy of eBird data for modeling historical population trajectories of North American birds and for monitoring populations of boreal and Arctic breeding species. Avian Conservation and Ecology 15(2):10. https://doi.org/10.5751/ACE-01671-150210
  • 261. Grinde, A. R., N. G. Walton, J. D. Bednar, A. L. Liljenquist, and S. Kolbe (2018). Minnesota National Forest breeding bird monitoring program annual report 1995–2018. Minnesota Digital Conservancy, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN, USA. https://hdl.handle.net/11299/204336
  • 262. Kovatch, L. C. (2015). The response of the avian community to 40 years of land cover change within the Aspen Parkland and Moist-mixed Grassland ecoregions of the Canadian prairies. M. S. Thesis. University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada.
  • 263. BirdLife International (2022). Species factsheet: Oporornis agilis. http://www.birdlife.org
  • 264. NatureServe. (2022). NatureServe Network Biodiversity Location Data accessed through NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available from https://explorer.natureserve.org/.
  • 265. Partners in Flight (2021). Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2021. http://pif.birdconservancy.org/ACAD
  • 266. Government of Alberta. (2022). Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Available from https://www.alberta.ca/lookup/wild-species-status-search.aspx. https://www.alberta.ca/lookup/wild-species-status-search.aspx
  • 267. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (2015). Minnesota’s Wildlife Action Plan 2015–2025. Division of Ecological and Water Resources, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN, USA.
  • 268. Shank, C. C. and A. Nixon (2014). Climate change vulnerability of Alberta’s biodiversity: A preliminary assessment. Biodiversity Management and Climate Change Adaptation project. Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
  • 269. Hoving, C. L., Y. M. Lee, P. J. Badra, and B. J. Klatt (2013). Changing Climate, Changing Wildlife: A Vulnerability Assessment of 400 Species of Greatest Conservation Need and Game Species in Michigan. Wildlife Division Report No. 3564, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, MI, USA. https://www.canr.msu.edu/uploads/234/62936/CLIMATE_CHANGE.pdf
  • 270. Tittler, R., S. J. Hannon, and M. R. Norton (2001). Residual tree retention ameliorates short-term effects of clear-cutting on some boreal songbirds. Ecological Applications 11(6):1656–1666.
  • 271. Harrison, R. B., F. K. A. Schmiegelow, and R. Naidoo (2005). Stand-level response of breeding forest songbirds to multiple levels of partial-cut harvest in four boreal forest types. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35(7):1553–1567.
  • 272. Machtans, C. S., M. A. Villard, and S. J. Hannon (1996). Use of riparian buffer strips as movement corridors by forest birds. Conservation Biology 10(5):1366–1379.
  • 273. Norton, M. R., S. J. Hannon, and F. K. A. Schmiegelow (2000). Fragments are not islands: Patch vs landscape perspectives on songbird presence and abundance in a harvested boreal forest. Ecography 23(2):209–223.
  • 274. Hannon, S. J., and F. K. A. Schmiegelow (2002). Corridors may not improve the conservation value of small reserves for most boreal birds. Ecological Applications 12(5):1457–1468.
  • 275. Hobson, K. A., and J. Schieck (1999). Changes in bird communities in boreal mixedwood forest: Harvest and wildfire effects over 30 years. Ecological Applications 9:849–863.
  • 276. Zlonis, E. J., N. G. Walton, B. R. Sturtevant, P. T. Wolter, and G. J. Niemi (2019). Burn severity and heterogeneity mediate avian response to wildfire in a hemiboreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management 439:70–80.
  • 277. Cadieux, P., Y. Boulanger, D. Cyr, A. R. Taylor, D. T. Price, P. Sólymos, D. Stralberg, H. Y. H. Chen, A. Brecka, and J. A. Tremblay (2020). Projected effects of climate change on boreal bird community accentuated by anthropogenic disturbances in western boreal forest, Canada. Diversity and Distributions 26:668–682.
  • 278. Charchuk, C., and E. M. Bayne (2018). Avian community response to understory protection harvesting in the boreal forest of Alberta, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 407:9–15.
  • 279. Hobson, K. A., and K. Kardynal (2019). Long-term responses of birds to the creation of a community fuel break in the western boreal forest of Canada: implications for management within protected areas. Avian Conservation and Ecology 14(2):article 5 https://doi.org/10.5751/ACE-01407-140205
  • 280. Wilson, S. J., and E. M. Bayne (2017). Response to vegetation regeneration on reclaimed wellsites in the boreal forest of Alberta. Journal of Ecoacoustics 3(1). https://doi.org/10.22261/JEA.I4B2LF
  • 281. Bayne, E. M., L. Habib, and S. Boutin (2008). Impacts of chronic anthropogenic noise from energy-sector activity on abundance of songbirds in the boreal forest. Conservation Biology 22(5):1186–1193.
  • 282. Griscom, L. (1949). The birds of Concord: A Study in Population Trends, New England Bird Studies 2. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
  • 283. Griscom, L., and D. E. Snyder (1955). The birds of Massachusetts: an annotated and revised check list. Peabody Museum, Salem, MA, USA.
  • 284. Dacosta, J., K. Szuba, F. W. Bell, T. Moore, K. Lennon, J. Leach, D. Bazeley, and N. J. Luckai (2011). Modelling landscape-level effects of reduced herbicide use in two forests in northern Ontario. Forestry Chronicle 87:280–309.
  • 285. Loss, S. R., T. Will, S. S. Loss, and P. P. Marra (2014). Bird-building collisions in the United States: Estimates of annual mortality and species vulnerability. Condor 116:8–23. https://doi.org/10.1650/condor-13-090.1
  • 286. Longcore, T., C. Rich, P. Mineau, B. MacDonald, D. G. Bert, L. M. Sullivan, E. Mutrie, S. A. Gauthreaux Jr., M. L. Avery, R. L. Crawford, A. M. Manville II, E. R. Travis, and D. Drake (2013). Avian mortality at communication towers in the United States and Canada: Which species, how many, and where? Biological Conservation 158:410–419.
  • 287. Stotz, D. F. (2008). Field notes: the fall 2007 migration. Meadowlark 17:60–78.
  • 288. Gehring, J., P. Kerlinger, and A. M. Manville II (2011). The role of tower height and guy wires on avian collisions with communication towers. Journal of Wildlife Management 75(4):848–855.
  • 289. Zink, R. M., and J. Eckles (2010). Twin Cities bird-building collisions: a status update on “Project Birdsafe.” Loon 82:34–37.
  • 290. Bull, J. (1964). Birds of the New York Area. Harper and Row, New York, NY, USA.
  • 291. Gelb, Y., and N. Delacretaz (2009). Windows and vegetation: primary factors in Manhattan bird collisions. Northeastern Naturalist 16(3):455–470.
  • 292. Taylor, W. K., and A. Kershner (1986). Migrant birds killed at the vehicle assembly building (VAB), John F. Kennedy Space Center. Journal of Field Ornithology 57:142–154.
  • 293. Crawford, R. L. (1981). Bird casualties at a Leon County, Florida TV tower: a 25-year migration study. Bulletin of the Tall Timbers Research Station 22.
  • 294. Beaudry, F., A. M. Pidgeon, D. J. Mladenoff, R. W. Howe, G. A. Bartelt, and V. C. Radeloff (2011). Optimizing regional conservation planning for forest birds. Journal of Applied Ecology 48(3):726–735. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.01985.x
  • 295. Beaudry, F., V. C. Radeloff, A. M. Pidgeon, A. J. Plantinga, D. J. Lewis, D. Helmers, and V. Butsic (2013). The loss of forest birds habitats under different land use policies as projected by a coupled ecological-econometric model. Biological Conservation 165:1–9.

Recommended Citation

Pitocchelli, J., J. L. Jones, and D. Jones (2023). Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.conwar.02