Bahama Oriole Icterus northropi

Aiman Raza, Matthew Kane, and Kevin Omland
Version: 2.0 — Published July 16, 2020

Demography and Populations

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Measures of Breeding Activity

At least some members of both sexes breed as yearlings (3, 4). Typical clutch size 3 eggs; number of clutches per year not known.

Life Span and Survivorship

No information.

Disease and Body Parasites

No information.

Causes of Mortality

No detailed information. See Behavior: Predation for a list of potential predators.

Population Spatial Metrics

No information.

Population Status


The only extant population is on Andros, where a recent population estimate indicated fewer than 300 individuals in developed habitats (2, 3). However, documentation of Bahama Orioles in Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) forest and other habitats suggests the population is likely larger (4).


No detailed information, though the population certainly declined on Abaco, where the species became extirpated in the 1990s.

Population Regulation

No information.

Recommended Citation

Raza, A., M. Kane, and K. Omland (2020). Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.graori3.02