- Bahama Oriole
 - Bahama Oriole
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 - Bahama Oriole
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Bahama Oriole Icterus northropi

  • CR Critically Endangered
  • Names (9)
  • Monotypic
Aiman Raza, Matthew Kane, and Kevin Omland
Version: 2.0 — Published July 16, 2020

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The Bahama Oriole is a rare tropical oriole native to the islands of Andros and Abaco, but was extirpated from Abaco in the 1990s. It is the rarest among four Greater Antillean orioles, including the Cuban Oriole (Icterus melanopsis), Puerto Rican Oriole (I. portoricensis), and Hispaniolan Oriole (I. dominicensis), and is currently listed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN Red List (1). A recent population estimate indicated fewer than 300 individuals in developed habitats on Andros (2, 3), however, documentation of Bahama Orioles in Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) forest and other habitats suggests that the population is likely larger (4). The Bahama Oriole faces many potential threats including loss of native habitat from human development, forest damage due to hurricane winds and saltwater inundation, loss of nesting trees due to lethal yellowing disease impacting non-native coconut palms (Cocos nucifera), brood parasitism by Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis), and predation by introduced mammalian predators (5).

Distribution of the Bahama Oriole
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  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Bahama Oriole

Recommended Citation

Raza, A., M. Kane, and K. Omland (2020). Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.graori3.02