Gray Gull Leucophaeus modestus Scientific name definitions

Fernando Medrano, Ignacio Escobar Gutiérrez, and Rodrigo Silva
Version: 2.0 — Published December 23, 2022

Priorities for Future Research


This species' biology is surprisingly well-known, thanks to the work of some pioneers in the study of its adaptations to the Atacama Desert. However, the location of breeding sites throughout the Atacama Desert is not well known. The Antoagasta Region (19, 20) has been studied, but there is a gap in knowledge of the whole area.

Recommended Citation

Medrano, F., I. Escobar Gutiérrez, and R. Silva (2022). Gray Gull (Leucophaeus modestus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.grygul.02