Gray Gull Leucophaeus modestus Scientific name definitions

Fernando Medrano, Ignacio Escobar Gutiérrez, and Rodrigo Silva
Version: 2.0 — Published December 23, 2022


Literature Cited

  • 1. Bostwick, K. S., and M. J. Brady (2002). Phylogenetic analysis of wing feather taxis in birds: Macroevolutionary patterns of genetic drift? Auk 119:943–954.
  • 2. Olsen, K. M. (2018). Gulls of the World: A Photographic Guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • 3. Howell, T. R., B. Araya, and W. R. Millie (1974). Breeding biology of the Gray Gull, Larus modestus. University of California Publications in Zoology 104:1-57.
  • 4. Guerra, C. G., and L. C. Fitzpatrick (1987). Albinism in the Gray Gull Larus modestus in northern Chile. Gerfaut 77:275-279.
  • 5. Humphrey, P. S., and K. C. Parkes (1959). An approach to the study of molts and plumages. Auk 76(1):1–31.https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/auk/v076n01/p0001-p0031.pdf
  • 6. Howell, S. N. G., C. Corben, P. Pyle, and D. I. Rogers (2003). The first basic problem: a review of molt and plumage homologies. Condor 105:635–653.https://doi.org/10.1650/7225
  • 7. Howell, S. N. G. (2010). Molt in North American Birds. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA and New York, NY, USA.
  • 8. Pyle, P. (2008). Identification Guide to North American Birds, Part II: Anatidae to Alcidae. Slate Creek Press, Point Reyes Station, California, USA.
  • 9. Murphy, R. C. (1936). Oceanic Birds of South America. Vol. 1. The Macmillan Company, The American Museum of Natural History, New York
  • 10. von Tschudi, J. J. (1843) Diagnosen einiger neuer peruanischer Vögel. Archiv Für Naturgeschichte 9(1-2):385-390https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13703416
  • 11. Pons, J.-M., A. Hassanin, and P. A. Crochet. (2005). Phylogenetic relationships within the Laridae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from mitochondrial markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37(3):686-699.
  • 12. Dickinson, E. C., and J. V. Remsen (Editors) (2013). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Fourth edition. Volume 1. Aves Press, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.https://www.aviansystematics.org/4th-edition-checklist
  • 13. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood (2021). The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  • 14. Gill F., D. Donsker, and P. Rasmussen, Editors (2022). IOC World Bird List (v12.1).https://doi.org/10.14344/IOC.ML.12.1
  • 15. del Hoyo, J., and N. J. Collar (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1. Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
  • 16. McCarthy, E. M. (2006). Handbook of Avian Hybrids of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.
  • 17. Aguilar, R., A. Simeone, J. Rottmann, M. Perucci, and G. Luna-Jorquera (2016). Unusual coastal breeding in the desert-nesting Gray Gull (Leucophaeus modestus) in northern Chile. Waterbirds 39(1):69–73.https://doi.org/10.1675/063.039.0108
  • 18. Zavalaga, C. B., M. A. Plenge, and A. Bertolero (2008). The Breeding Biology of the Peruvian Tern (Sternula lorata) in Peru. Waterbirds 31(4):550–560.
  • 19. Medrano, F. (2018). Gaviota garuma. In Atlas de las Aves Nidificantes de Chile (F. Medrano, R. Barros, H. Norambuena, R. Matus, and F. Schmitt, Editors), Red de Observadores de Aves y Vida Silvestre de Chile, Santiago, Chile. pp. 234-235.
  • 20. Aguilar-Pulido R., C. Catoni, G. Luna-Jorquera, M. Perucci, G. Dell'Omo, C. Zavalaga, and A. Simeone (2021). Distribución, características y situación actual de las colonias reproductivas de la Gaviota garuma (Leucophaeus modestus) en el desierto de Atacama, Norte de Chile. Revista Chilena de Ornitología 27:21-36https://aveschile.cl/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/6.-Aguilar-Pulido_et_al.pdf
  • 21. Goodall, J. D., R. A. B. Philippi, and A. W. Johnson (1945). Nesting habits of the Peruvian Gray Gull. Auk 62(3):450-451.
  • 22. Devillers, P., and J. A. Terschuren (1976). Desertion of the Grey Gull (Larus modestus) colony of Pedro de Valdivia (Chile). Gerfaut 66:132-137.
  • 23. Guerra, C. G., and M. A. Cikutovic (1983). Un nuevo sitio de nidificación para la Garuma Larus modestus (Aves, Charadriiformes; Laridae). Estudios Oceanológicos 3:13-20.
  • 24. Guerra, C. G., L. C. Fitzpatrick, R. E. Aguilar, and G. S. Luna (1988). Location and description of new nesting sites for Gray Gulls Larus modestus in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile. Gerfaut 78:121-129.
  • 25. Aguilar R., M. Perucci, T. Cisternas, M. Torres, M. Silva, A. Marín, A. Silva, and P. Bolados (2013). La nidificación de la Gaviota Garuma y su vulnerabilidad a las actividades antrópicas en el Desierto de Atacama. CULTAM. Technical report.https://pdfslide.net/documents/la-nidificacion-de-la-gaviota-garuma-y-su-vulnerabilidad-2013.html?page=1
  • 26. Howell, S. N. G., and J. Dunn (2007). Gulls of the Americas. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.
  • 27. Carrillo, S. M. (2015). Primer registro de Gaviota Garuma (Larus modestus) en territorio continental Argentino. EcoRegistros Revista 5(5):10-11.http://www.ecoregistros.org/site/articulos/EcoRegistros5_N5-Primer-registro-de-Gaviota-Garuma-Leucophaeus-modestus-en-Territorio-continental-argentino.pdf
  • 28. Chupil, H., V. Marques, S. Nagaoka, and R. Sardinha (2019). First record of Grey Gull Leucophaeus modestus in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 27:140–142
  • 29. Villablanca, R., and J. Ibarra (2013). Estrategia regional y Plan de acción para la conservación y uso sustentable de la diversidad biológica de la region de Antofagasta. Diagnóstico y Evaluación (2002-2013). SEREMI del Medio Ambiente, Región de Antofagasta Technical report.
  • 30. Malinarich, V. (2016). Diagnóstico poblacional de la gaviota garuma Leucophaeus modestus (Tschudi, 1843), en la Zona Norte de Chile. Unidad de Recursos Naturales Renovables. Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG), Región de Tarapacá Report. 39 pp.
  • 31. Philippi, R. A., A. W. Johnson, and J. D. Goodall (1944). Expedición ornitológica al norte de Chile. Boletín del Museo Nacional de Chile, Santiago 22:65-120.
  • 32. Duffy, D. C. (1983). The foraging ecology of Peruvian seabirds. Auk 100(4):800–810.
  • 33. Weichler, T., S. Garthe, G. Luna-Jorquera, J. and Moraga (2004) Seabird distribution on the Humboldt Current in northern Chile in relation to hydrography, productivity, and fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science 61: 148–154.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2003.07.001
  • 34. Emond M. P., R. McNeil, T. Cabana, C. G. Guerra, and P. Lachapelle (2006). Comparing the retinal structures and functions in two species of gulls (Larus delawarensis and Larus modestus) with significant nocturnal behaviours. Vision Research 46: 2914-2925https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2006.02.023
  • 35. Moynihan, M. M. (1962). Hostile and sexual behaviour patterns of South American and Pacific Laridae. Behaviour. Supplement 8:1-365
  • 36. Aguilar, R., C. G. Guerra , L. C. Fitzpatrick, and G.S. Luna-Jorquera (1998). Thermobiology of Gray Gull (Larus modestus) embryos and hatchlings: correlates of nesting in the Atacama Desert. Estudios Oceanológicos 17:7–12.
  • 37. Cikutovic, M. A., C. G. Guerra, and L. C. Fitzpatrick (1988). Gonadal cycle of Gray Gulls Larus modestus in northern Chile. Gerfaut 78:209-216.
  • 38. Fitzpatrick, L. C., C. G. Guerra, and R. E. Aguilar (1989). Microclimatic features of Gray Gull Larus modestus nests in the Atacama Desert. Gerfaut 78:421-428. In German.
  • 39. Howell, T. R. (1982). Desert-nesting sea gulls. Natural History 91: 52-59.https://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6488
  • 40. Guerra, C. G., R. E. Aguilar, and L. C. Fitzpatrick (1988). Water vapor conductance in Gray Gulls (Larus modestus) eggs: adaptation to desert nesting. Colonial Waterbirds 11(1):107-109.
  • 41. Monge, C. C., H. Ostojic, R. Aguilar, and V. Cifuentes (2000). Reduced oxygen diffusion across the shell of Gray gull (Larus modestus) eggs. Biological Research 33:209-214,https://doi.org/10.4067/s0716-97602000000300007
  • 42. Johnson, A. W. (1967). The Birds of Chile and Adjacent Regions of Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. Volume 2. Platt Establecimientos Gráficos, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 43. Aguilar R., L. C. Fitzpatrick, C. G. Guerra, and G. S. Luna (1994). Time and temperature of incubation and egg hatching success in Gray gull Larus modestus at Lealtad (northern Chile) nesting site. Estudios Oceanológicos 13: 1-11.
  • 44. Guerra, C. G., L. C. Fitzpatrick, and R. E. Aguilar (1988). Growth rates in Gray Gulls Larus modestus: influence of desert nesting and foraging distance. Auk 105:779-783.
  • 45. Gonzales-Viera, O., C. Luján-Vega, A. Chavera–Castillo, J. Cárdenas-Callirgos, and V. M. Tantaleán (2009). Lesiones patológicas causadas por Profilicollis altmani (Perry, 1942) Van Cleave, 1947 (Acanthocephala) en una gaviota gris (Leucophaeus modestus) (Tschudi, 1843) de la Costa Peruana. Neotropical Helminthology 3(2):115-120.
  • 46. Guerra, C. G., L. C. Fitzpatrick, R. E. Aguilar, and B. J. Venables (1988). Reproductive consequences of El Niño-Southern Oscillation in Gray Gulls (Larus modestus). Colonial Waterbirds 11(2):170-175.
  • 47. Delany, S., and D. Scott. (2006). Waterbird population estimates. 4th edition. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlandshttp://www.bio-nica.info/biblioteca/Delany2006-1.pdf
  • 48. BirdLife International (2022). Species factsheet: Larus modestus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2022http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/22694292

Recommended Citation

Medrano, F., I. Escobar Gutiérrez, and R. Silva (2022). Gray Gull (Leucophaeus modestus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.grygul.02