SPECIES

Hill Blue Flycatcher Cyornis whitei Scientific name definitions

Wich'yanan Limparungpatthanakij, Peter Clement, and David Christie
Version: 1.1 — Published August 18, 2021

Distribution

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Introduction

Occurs in eastern Himalayas including Nepal, north-eastern India, through southern China in Sichuan and Guizhou, south to Myanmar, Laos, northern and central Vietnam, south-western Cambodia, Thailand, to mountainous areas in central Peninsular Malaysia (7, 11, 19, 1).

Nonbreeding Range

Individuals recorded at low elevations in winter outside of known breeding sites indicating short-distance or altitudinal migration have been noted (26) in parts of north-eastern India (33, 34, 11), Bengladesh (35), central Myanmar (9, 19, 36), Cambodia, northern Vietnam (14), and various parts of Thailand, especially the well-watched green space in Bangkok and surrounding provinces (20, 15, 19, 12). Records offshore in Korea are regarded as accidental (26).

Historical Changes to the Distribution

There have been records in Central Annam, Vietnam, where previously not listed by Robson (37), presumably occurring as resident, from Quang Tri and Quang Binh provinces (38, 39). First recorded in western Myanmar in the Naga Hills and Jecok on March 12th and 15th respectively in 2012 (36), and Bangladesh in 2013 (35). Its seasonal status as resident in north-eastern India has recently been confirmed (17).

It is suspected to have increasingly been contracted to the higher elevations, as evident in some montane species, as a result of climate change. Observations at Khao Yai National Park suggested that its congener Hainan Blue Flycatcher (C. hainanus), which prefers lower elevation, appears to have shifted the upper limit of its altitude and occupied areas where Hill Blue Flycatcher was historically the only resident Cyornis species (15). Recorded at 1,500 m at Fraser’s Hill Peninsular Malaysia where the upper limit was previously stated as 1,220 m (40).

Recommended Citation

Limparungpatthanakij , W. L., P. Clement, and D. A. Christie (2021). Hill Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis whitei), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.hibfly1.01.1