Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica
Version: 2.0 — Published September 17, 2020
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Northern subspecies gangetica intergrades with nominate sylvatica in central India. Five subspecies recognized.
Prinia sylvatica insignis
P. s. insignis (Hume, 1872)
Gujarat (including Kutch and Kathiawar), and Western Rajasthan, India
Prinia sylvatica gangetica
P. s. gangetica (Blyth, 1867)
Occurs in the Northern Indian Subcontinent from Kangra (Himachal Pradesh), and Punjab eastward through northern Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and northern Bengal, India. Also occurs in the far western terai of Nepal and northwestern Bangladesh (1), although no recent records.
Darker and browner than insignis (1).
Prinia sylvatica mahendrae
P. s. mahendrae Koelz, 1939
Mahendra Giri (Odisha), in eastern India.
Dark cinnamon above, very gray below, with finely spotted cheek and grayish supercilium in the non breeding season (1).
Prinia sylvatica sylvatica
P. s. sylvatica Jerdon, 1840
Peninsular India from Maharashtra and northern Madhya Pradesh (where it intergrades with gangetica) south to Kanyakumari.
Prinia sylvatica valida
P. s. valida (Blyth, 1851)
All zones of Sri Lanka up to 1,800 m(1).
A study of the Striated-Brown Prinia (P. crinigera-polychroa) complex used this species as an outgroup for phylogenetic analysis (3). It appears to be sister to the entire complex phylogenetically, and may represent a Subcontinental offshoot of this complex of large prinias, which are found from the Himalayas to Southeast Asia. However, more work is required to resolve the relationships of Jungle Prinia relative to others in this large and diverse genus, including much more comprehensive sampling of the genus. More broadly, the genus Prinia appears to be sister to the tailorbirds in the genus Orthotomus (4), where they are part of the Priniinae subfamily in the family Cisticolidae (5).