Species names in all available languages
|Dutch||Witkaakweidespreeuw (lilianae groep)|
|English (United States)||Chihuahuan Meadowlark|
|French||Sturnelle de Lilian|
|French (French Guiana)||Sturnelle de Lilian|
|Polish||wojak obrożny [gr. lilianae]|
|Serbian||Čihuahuanska livadska ševa|
|Spanish (Mexico)||Pradero Altiplanero|
|Spanish (Spain)||Pradero chihuahuense|
Johanna K. Beam drafted the account. Peter Pyle contributed to the Plumages, Molts, and Structure page. Arnau Bonan Barfull curated the media. Jessica Kane updated the distribution map.
Sturnella lilianae Oberholser, 1930
The Key to Scientific Names
Chihuahuan Meadowlark Sturnella lilianae Scientific name definitions
Version: 1.0 — Published October 25, 2022
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Has not been studied in detail. In Arizona it is reported to breed primarily following the summer monsoons, with nests with eggs found 16 July – 5 August, and late July considered peak (44). It may breed earlier in Arizona and elsewhere, as in New Mexico where young have been reported on 10 May (45). In Sonora, singing is heard most often from January through summer, with sporadic singing in other times, suggesting an earlier breeding season (46).
It nests on the ground in grasslands and builds a nest hidden below tall grass and other vegetative cover (44).
A shallow depression may be scratched out at the nest site, leaving part of the nest sunk into the ground (44). Otherwise, nest construction has not been studied. In other meadowlarks, females chose the site and build the nest (37).
Structure and Composition
Information needed. Other meadowlark nests have an exterior diameter of 14–21 cm (39).
Maintenance or Reuse of Nests
Has not been studied, but likely similar to other meadowlarks which have an ovate shape (6).
Color and Surface Texture
White, speckled brownish or purplish (45), similar to other meadowlarks.
4–6 in New Mexico (45).
Has not been studied. In other meadowlarks, only females incubate the eggs, and the incubation period lasts 13-16 days (37).
Has not been studied, but likely similar to other meadowlarks where young hatch on the same day without parental assistance (39).
Condition at Hatching
Growth and Development
Has not been studied. The general development of Eastern Meadowlark and Western Meadowlark has the eyes open on day 5, wings start moving on day 5, pin feathers break on day 6, fledging by day 10-12 despite not fully emerged flight feathers, and capable of sustained flight by day 21 (39).
Has not been studied, however likely similar to Eastern Meadowlark and Western Meadowlark where female broods alone with infrequent food deliveries from the male (37).
Has not been studied, but likely similar to other meadowlarks where fecal sacs are removed and dropped far from the nest (37).
Brood Parasitism by Other Species
Has not been studied. In other meadowlarks, fledglings are not capable of sustained flight until day 21, and continue to be dependent on parents for weeks after fledging the nest (37).