Malabar Gray Hornbill Ocyceros griseus

Divya Mudappa and T. R. Shankar Raman
Version: 2.0 — Published July 9, 2020


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The Malabar Gray Hornbill is found chiefly in moist deciduous to wet evergreen forests, but occurs in riverine vegetation patches within drier forests in the plains. Most abundant in the mid-elevation zone between 600 m and 1,200 m above sea level. They also occur in agroforestry plantations of coffee and cardamom and in home gardens adjacent to forests (21), as well as forest fragments and sacred groves in agricultural and plantation landscapes (22, 56). Within these areas, hornbills occupy areas with fruiting trees including figs (Ficus species) and dense stands of trees. While they do occur in rainforest fragments within plantations (17), their densities are higher in wet evergreen forests within protected reserves than in a landscape of rainforest fragments and coffee plantations (P. Y. Pawar, D. Mudappa, and T. R. S. Raman, unpublished ms).

Habitat in Breeding Range

See above.

Habitat in Nonbreeding Range

See above.

Recommended Citation

Mudappa, D. and T. R. S. Raman (2020). Malabar Gray Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.maghor2.02