Species names in all available languages
|English (United States)||Magellanic Tapaculo|
|French||Mérulaxe des Andes|
|French (French Guiana)||Mérulaxe des Andes|
|Spanish (Argentina)||Churrín Andino|
|Spanish (Chile)||Churrín del sur|
|Spanish (Spain)||Churrín magallánico|
Vicente Pantoja and César Muñoz revised the account as part of a partnership with Red de Observadores de Aves y Vida Silvestre de Chile (ROC). Andrew J. Spencer contributed to the Sounds and Vocal Behaviors page. JoAnn Hackos, Miriam Kowarski, Robin K. Murie, and Daphne R. Walmer copy edited the account. Arnau Bonan Barfull curated the media. Huy C. Truong updated the distribution map.
Scytalopus magellanicus ("Gmelin, JF", 1789)
- magellani / magellanica / magellanicus
The Key to Scientific Names
Magellanic Tapaculo Scytalopus magellanicus Scientific name definitions
Version: 2.0 — Published January 13, 2023
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Conservation and Management
The conservation status of Magellanic Tapaculo is assessed as Least Concern. The species has a very large range, and although the population trend is unknown, it is not believed to be decreasing sufficiently rapidly to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable criteria. The population size has also not been quantified, but it is also not believed to approach the Vulnerable thresholds.
Effects of Human Activity
Habitat Loss and Degradation
It seems that due to its small size, and being more likely to cross non-forested areas, Magellanic Tapaculo is less affected by forest fragmentation compared to other larger tapaculos like Chucao Tapaculo or Black-throated Huet-huet (17). However, patch size has effects on abundance, with lower densities reported in smaller forest patches in Chiloé (68). While lower elevation populations inhabiting forested habitats may not be experiencing drastic effects of habitat loss, populations in the Andes may be threatened by the severe droughts that affect central Chile, as the rivers and creeks that it inhabits may decline and disappear.
Collisions with Stationary/Moving Objects
There is a record of an individual of the closely related Dusky Tapaculo killed by car impact on a highway; it is likely that Magellanic Tapaculo is similarly threatened by highway traffic. Increased habitat fragmentation and urban expansion may result in even greater threat of collision with cars in the future.
Tourism and camping areas appear to have no effect on population density, as long as the understory vegetation remains similar (69).
Magellanic Tapaculo is a common species in the southern areas of its distribution. To maintain healthy populations, it is important to have native forests patches large enough to contain territories that are both sufficiently undisturbed to provide suitable nest sites and connected enough to permit movement among patches. (17). It currently occurs in 84 protected sites in Chile and 8 protected sites in Argentina (Table 1).