Species names in all available languages
|English (United States)||Magellanic Tapaculo|
|French||Mérulaxe des Andes|
|French (French Guiana)||Mérulaxe des Andes|
|Spanish (Argentina)||Churrín Andino|
|Spanish (Chile)||Churrín del sur|
|Spanish (Spain)||Churrín magallánico|
Vicente Pantoja and César Muñoz revised the account as part of a partnership with Red de Observadores de Aves y Vida Silvestre de Chile (ROC). Andrew J. Spencer contributed to the Sounds and Vocal Behaviors page. JoAnn Hackos, Miriam Kowarski, Robin K. Murie, and Daphne R. Walmer copy edited the account. Arnau Bonan Barfull curated the media. Huy C. Truong updated the distribution map.
Scytalopus magellanicus ("Gmelin, JF", 1789)
- magellani / magellanica / magellanicus
The Key to Scientific Names
Magellanic Tapaculo Scytalopus magellanicus Scientific name definitions
Version: 2.0 — Published January 13, 2023
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Diet and Foraging
Microhabitat for Foraging
Forages for prey in the litter of the understory, in lower branches, and in soil (5, 48). It can search for invertebrates along creeks, under rocks, and in wet mud. When it rains, it is more active in search of food (53). It has been reported at 12.3 m height in Nothofagus dombeyi tree (49).
Food Capture and Consumption
Like other species of tapaculo, Magellanic Tapaculo searches for prey in the leaf litter of the understory, using its feet (5); it also gleans insects from leaves and branches inside shrubs and lower vegetation, as described for other species of the genera like Spillmann's Tapaculo (Scytalopus spillmanni) (54).
Major Food Items
It feeds on a variety of insects such as the larvae and adults of Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera, Formicidae, Apidae, and other arthropods (arachnids and myriapods) and annelids (53, 18, 9). It most likely eats other small arthropods and some berries, as do other Chilean forest tapaculos (55). In Cape Horn during the winter, it feeds almost exclusively on beetles (Coleoptera) (56, 57). Other related Scytalopus have been rarely found with vegetable matter in their stomachs (22).
Food Selection and Storage
Nutrition and Energetics
Metabolism and Temperature Regulation
Drinking, Pellet-Casting, and Defecation