SPECIES

Common Gull Larus canus Scientific name definitions

William Moskoff, Louis R. Bevier, and Pamela C. Rasmussen
Version: 1.1 — Published August 18, 2021

Tables and Appendices

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Appendix 1

Linear body measurements (mm) of Mew Gulls in various parts of their range. Data given as mean (where available) ± SD (range, n).

LocationNorth AmericaE. AsiaCentral AsiaEurope
SubspeciesL. c. brachyrhynchusL. c. kamtschatshensisL. c. heineiL. c. canus
SourceRidgway 1919Dement'ev et al. 1951Cramp and Simmons 1983Cramp and Simmons 1983
Dwight 1925Dement'ev et al. 1951
Wing (chord)
Male358.9 (352–366, 7)375.5 (362–388, 10)382.0 ± 15.0 (355–395, 8)360.0 ± (342–380, 22)
350.5 (334–366, 12)367.0 ± 5.4 (361–374, 3)(1)386.4 (362–410, 50)
(365–388)(2)
Female344.6 (328–354, 11)365.4 (360–372, 10)368 ± 10.0 (351–379, 7)341.0 ± 10.3 (321–357, 21)
337.5 (328–352, 11)(350–365)(2)351.8 (348–395, 54)
Tail
Male142.8 (137–148, 7)150.8 (147–154, 7)(4)145.0 ± 10.6 (138–153, 2)139.0 ± 2.0 (134–144, 24)
139.9 (130–148, 12)
Female134.9 (131.5–139, 11)140.6 (133–147, 6)(4)140.0 ± 2.0 (137–142, 4)129.0 ± 4.3 (118–136, 26)
134.1 (128–141, 11)
Tarsus
Male49.4 (46.5–51, 7)52.9 ± 0.2 (52.7–53.0, 3)(1)52.3 ± 2.7 (50.4–54.2, 2)51.1 ± 2.0 (46.4–55.0, 26)
51.0 (48–53, 12)55.9 (54–58, 7)(4)
Female46.7 (45–48, 11)51.5 (49–54, 6)(4)49.7 ± 3.7 (46.0–54.8, 4)47.7 ± 2.0 (43.4–52.0, 27)
48.6 (47–51, 11)
Exposed culmen
Male36.4 (33–38, 7)38.9 ± 1.4 (37.3–40.6, 3)(1)35.7 ± 2.0 (33.2–38.5, 8)34.5 ± (32.0–38.4, 25)
35.4 (33–38, 12)36.9 ± 2.3 (34.8–41.9, 8)(3)
Female34.1 (32–37, 11)34.1 ± 3.7 (29.5–37.2, 4)(3)32.7 ± 1.3 (31.0–34.9, 5)31.1 ± (27.5–34.6, 27)
32.4 (30–35, 11)
Bill depth at gonys
Male(10.0–12.0)(2)12.0 ± 0.5 (11.6–12.7, 3)(1)10.51 ±0.38 (10.13–10.89, 2)(1)
10.8 (10.0–11.5, 12)(12.5–14.0)(2)
Female(12.0–13.0)(2)10.50 ± 0.28 (10.22–10.78, 2)(1)
10.0 (9.0–11.0, 11)

  • (1)Specimens measured by LRB at Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.(2)Johansen 1961a.(3)Cramp and Simmons 1983.(4)Dwight 1925for "L. c. major" (= L. c. kamtschatschensis) birds measured were from extreme ne. Asia.

Appendix 2

Appendix 2. Body mass (g) of Mew Gull. Data shown as mean ± SD (range, n).
LocationBritish ColumbiaKandalaksha BaySeven Is., NorwayNorway
SourceVermeer and Devito 1986Bianki 1967Belopolskii 1957Barth 1967
Male409 ± 25.8 (16)452 (26)432 (96)413 ± 29.2 (325–475, 75)
Female368 ± 21.2 (8)375 (21)375 (96)360 ± 35.6 (300–480, 73)

Recommended Citation

Moskoff, W., L. R. Bevier, and P. C. Rasmussen (2021). Common Gull (Larus canus), version 1.1. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.mewgul.01.1