- Peale's Imperial-Pigeon
 - Peale's Imperial-Pigeon
 - Peale's Imperial-Pigeon

Peale's Imperial-Pigeon Ducula latrans Scientific name definitions

Luis F. Baptista, Pepper W. Trail, H. M. Horblit, Peter F. D. Boesman, and Ernest Garcia
Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020
Text last updated February 13, 2019

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40–41 cm. Upperparts ash grey; back and wings dark brown; underparts pale vinaceous grey, becoming buff on belly ; undertail-coverts dark buff; wing-linings chestnut; bill blackish. Sexes alike. Juvenile similar, but duller, with faint rufous buff fringes to most feathers.

Systematics History

Closely related to D. brenchleyi, D. bakeri and D. goliath; this group also shows some affinities with the D. pinon species-group. Monotypic.




Fiji, mainly on large to medium-sized islands.


Generally restricted to extensive tracts of mature native forest , from lowlands up to 1000 m; occurs typically on large to medium-sized islands, in contrast to D. pacifica, which is found on the smaller Fijian islands.


Little known, with no movements recorded. A strong flier.

Diet and Foraging

Frugivorous, feeding on a variety of fruits. Favours large fruits (12–25+mm in diameter), including Cananga (Annonaceae), Dysoxylum (Meliaceae) and nutmeg (Myristica, Myristicaceae), which it clumsily snaps off small branches. Usually seen singly or in pairs, but may occur in small groups at fruiting trees.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Commonest call is a variable series of 3–8 short, emphatic, owl-like hoots “whu!..whu!..whu!..whu!”, sometimes preceded by a gruff note (reminiscent of the distant muffled barking of a dog). Also short emphatic scratchy notes.


Breeds May–Jan, although peaks in nesting probably vary locally. Nest is an insubstantial platform of twigs built in the fork of a lateral branch. Lays 1 white egg.

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Still fairly common in the interior of Vanua Levu, Taveuni and Rabi, though populations reduced by hunting and habitat loss in more settled areas, especially on Viti Levu; populations require monitoring.

Distribution of the Peale's Imperial-Pigeon
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Peale's Imperial-Pigeon

Recommended Citation

Baptista, L. F., P. W. Trail, H. M. Horblit, P. F. D. Boesman, and E. F. J. Garcia (2020). Peale's Imperial-Pigeon (Ducula latrans), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.peipig1.01