Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Kristine Johnson and Russell P. Balda
Version: 2.0 — Published March 19, 2020


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Figures from this Account

Figure 1. Distribution of the Pinyon Jay.

This species wanders well outside this range in years when cone crops fail.

Figure 2. Annual cycle of breeding, molt, and migration of Pinyon Jay.

Thick lines show peak activity, thin lines off-peak. See text for details.

Figure 3. Adult and immature Pinyon Jays, in a Pinyon Pine tree.

Note grayish-brown plumage of immature. Painting by Terry Vaughan.

Figure 4. Regional trends in Pinyon Jay breeding populations.

Geographic patterns in population change for Pinyon Jay from 1968-2015 based on point estimates of trends using BBS data (Sauer et al. 2017). Map depicts state boundaries in the conterminous United States and provincial boundaries in Canada as well as BCR boundaries.

Figure 5. Selected vocalizations of Pinyon Jays.

A. Rack. B. Near-er. C. Kaw. D. Multiple Rack. E. Begging Chirr. F. Fledgling Begging Chirr. A–E from Berger and Ligon 1977; from McArthur 1982. Used with permission.

Figure 6. Flock of Pinyon Jays Ground-Foraging.
Figure 7. Precopulatory display.

Male is on left, female on right. Drawing by Tony Angell.

Figure 8. Relative abundance of Pinyon Jay during the breeding season.

Based on data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey, 2011–2015. See Sauer et al. (2017) for details.

Recommended Citation

Johnson, K. and R. P. Balda (2020). Pinyon Jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.pinjay.02