Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea

David Snow, Arnau Bonan, Sabrina Aeluro, Guy M. Kirwan, and Andrew J. Spencer
Version: 2.0 — Published July 24, 2020

Diet and Foraging

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Main Foods Taken

Primarily frugivorous, although will take insects and likely small vertebrates.

Microhabitat for Foraging

Primarily forages in the upper canopy at fruiting trees, where multiple individuals sometimes congregate (35, 36).

Food Capture and Consumption

Primarily forages on fruit, presumably usually by gleaning. Also sallies for insects from exposed perches in the canopy (36). A female In captivity captured (gleaned?) an anole (Anolis carolinensis) and then hit its prey against a branch before consuming it (37).


Major Food Items

There are very limited data on the types of fruit consumed, but palm fruits (including Euterpe sp.; Arecaceae), Pagamea plicata (Rubiaceae), figs (Ficus sp.; Moraceae), and Brosimum (Moraceae) have all been recorded (38, 7, 1). Also observed congregating in fruiting Caraipa (Clusiaceae) (30, 31) and Goupia (Celastraceae) (1), and it presumably consumes these fruits as well.

Also occasionally sallies for flying ants (Hymenoptera) and termites (Isoptera) (36). In captivity, a female occasionally consumed anoles (Anolis carolinensis) (37).

Drinking, Pellet-Casting, and Defecation

Very limited information, and no information on drinking and defecation. Whittaker (36) observed a male regurgitate seeds that were estimated to be 1.0 × 0.5 cm and sticky; the bird wiped its bill on a branch to remove the seeds, so that some seeds (two out of eight, over a period of 1.5 minutes) stuck to the branch.

Recommended Citation

Snow, D., A. Bonan, A. Aeluro, G. M. Kirwan, and A. J. Spencer (2020). Pompadour Cotinga (Xipholena punicea), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, S. M. Billerman, and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.pomcot1.02