Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea
Version: 2.0 — Published July 24, 2020
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Sounds and Vocal Behavior
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Sounds and Vocal Behavior
As in many cotinga species, Pompadour Cotinga is a rather quiet bird. However, studies of its vocal repertoire and displays are lacking, and many details of its vocal behavior remain poorly known.
Purp. Both sexes give a loud, abrupt, somewhat nasal purp! call, which sometimes is doubled, with the second note lower and quieter (30, 1). It is vaguely reminiscent of the bark of a small, distant dog, or the call of a Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis), and is essentially identical to the Purp calls of other Xipholena species.
Other calls. The male also is reported to have a loud, frog-like rattling or gurgling vocalization (39, 40), perhaps a song (1), but this is likely in reference to the distinctive wing sonations made during flight displays (see Nonvocal Sounds, below). No recordings of other vocalizations made by this species exist, but further study may reveal a more varied repertoire. Especially interesting would be observations near nests or young.
Daily Pattern of Vocalizing
Little information. The Purp call has been heard at all times of day, as have the wing sonations made during displays (AJS).
Places of Vocalizing
Calls mostly are given from the high canopy or other exposed perches. Wing sonations are heard during displays between perches in the upper subcanopy, but more information is needed.
Both sexes give Purp calls. Wing sonations have been recorded only from males.
Repertoire and Delivery of Songs
Social Context and Presumed Functions of Vocalizations
A surprisingly frog-like, low-pitched rustling mechanical sound is produced by the wings of the male during the flight display (30, 1). During observations in Vaupés, eastern Colombia, ritualized flight displays involved moving from one perch in the high subcanopy to another (35), with slower and more exaggerated wingbeats than in normal flight (AJS). Much lower pitched than wing sonations made by White-winged Cotinga (Xipholena atropurpurea); more research is needed to see if other mechanical sounds are produced in either display or normal flight.